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Study Offers a Roadmap to Reduce Bias and Increase the Number of Women in STEM Research

Study Offers a Roadmap to Reduce Bias and Increase the Number of Women in STEM Research

Last December a group of 23 scientists met at the Banbury Center in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, to discuss ways to reduce bias and increase the number of women in STEM research positions. Their findings were recently released in a paper published in Science magazine.

Women Underrepresented on the Editorial Boards of Major Journals in Statistics and Biostatistics

Women Underrepresented on the Editorial Boards of Major Journals in Statistics and Biostatistics

A new study by Andrea Foulkes a professor of mathematics and statistics at Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, finds that women comprise less than a quarter of editorial board members on prestigious journals in statistics and biostatistics.

Addresssing the Lack of Women in Leadership Positions in Academic Pediatrics

Addresssing the Lack of Women in Leadership Positions in Academic Pediatrics

in 2017, women were 35 percent of all physicians in the United States but 63 percent of all pediatricians. Women made up 57 percent of all medical school faculty in pediatrics but were just 35 percent of all full professors in pediatrics and 26 percent of pediatric department chairs.

Report Examines the Power Gap in Leadership Positions in Massachusetts Higher Education

Report Examines the Power Gap in Leadership Positions in Massachusetts Higher Education

The report found that while women are a majority of college students in the state, only 37 percent of college and university presidents in the state are women. And the gender gap is even more pronounced at the state’s major universities.

The Gender Gap in Household Income in the United States Remains Large

The Gender Gap in Household Income in the United States Remains Large

The median income of households headed by a single woman in the United States in 2018 was $45,128. For households headed by a single man in 2018, the median income figure was $61,518. For married-couple families, the median income was $93,684.

Woman's Philanthropy Institute Looks at Nonprofits Dedicated to Women and Girls

Woman’s Philanthropy Institute Looks at Nonprofits Dedicated to Women and Girls

The index identified 45,000 U.S. charities that are dedicated to serving primarily women and girls. In 2016, these organizations received a collective total of $6.3 billion in charitable contributions from individuals, foundations, and corporations. This was about 1.6 percent of all donations.

New Study Documents High Levels of Mistreatment of Women Surgical Residents

New Study Documents High Levels of Mistreatment of Women Surgical Residents

The study reports that sexual harassment, verbal/physical abuse and pregnancy/childcare discrimination primarily came from the attending surgeons and other residents. Gender discrimination came mostly from patients and their families.

Women Scientists Are Far Less Likely to Author Invited Commentaries in Medical Journals

Women Scientists Are Far Less Likely to Author Invited Commentaries in Medical Journals

The study led by researchers at the School of Public Health at Harvard University found that women scientists were 21 percent less likely to author invited commentaries in medical journals during a five-year period than men with similar scientific expertise, seniority, and publication metrics.

New Report Documents the Persistence of a Gender Pay Gap at Federal Scientific Agencies

New Report Documents the Persistence of a Gender Pay Gap at Federal Scientific Agencies

The study found that the pay gaps at organizations such as NOAA and the DOE — agencies focused on traditionally masculine fields such as engineering and physical sciences — were largely the result of men being paid more than women for the same jobs.

School Choice in the United States by Gender: Only Slight Differences

School Choice in the United States by Gender: Only Slight Differences

For girls, 3.5 percent of all students ages 5 to 17 were homeschooled in 2016. For boys, 3.0 percent were homeschooled. In the 2016-17 academic year, girls made up 48.5 percent of all students in the nation’s public schools. But girls were 50.4 percent of all students enrolled in public charter schools.

Stanford University Study Examines the Gender Pay Gap Among Uber Drivers

Stanford University Study Examines the Gender Pay Gap Among Uber Drivers

A study conducted by researchers at the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University found that women Uber drivers make 7 percent less per hour than their male counterparts. The discrepancies aren’t the result of unfair compensation packages; instead, driver preferences and constraints create the gaps.

Children's Gender Stereotypes About Intelligence Vary by Race

Children’s Gender Stereotypes About Intelligence Vary by Race

Previous research has found that by the age of 6, girls become less likely than boys to associate brilliance with their own gender. But a new study shows that this gender stereotype is not applied by children of all races to Black men and women.

New Survey Shows More Than a Quarter of Undergraduate Women Students Have Been Victims of Sexual Misconduct

New Survey Shows More Than a Quarter of Undergraduate Women Students Have Been Victims of Sexual Misconduct

A survey conducted by the Association of American Universities finds that 26 percent of undergraduate women students have been victims of sexual assault or misconduct. For graduate women, 10.8 percent were victims of sexual assault or misconduct. For both undergraduate and graduate women, the rates increased from an earlier AAU survey conducted in 2015.

Yale University Study Looks at Fertility Rates of College-Educated Women From Generation X

Yale University Study Looks at Fertility Rates of College-Educated Women From Generation X

Generation X women in the United States — those born between 1965-1982 — had higher total fertility rates than their counterparts in the Baby Boomer generation across all levels of education with the greatest increase seen in college-educated women.

Study Measured Gender Differences in Emotional Responses of Viewers of the 2016 Presidential Debates

Study Measured Gender Differences in Emotional Responses of Viewers of the 2016 Presidential Debates

A research team from Georgia State University and Arizona State University used a novel technique to assess the facial expressions of viewers who watched the debates. The results showed that the impact of emotions was stronger for women viewers and that gender issues were more important for them as well.

Examining the Gender Gap in Graduate School Enrollments in the United States

Examining the Gender Gap in Graduate School Enrollments in the United States

In 2018, there were 1,081,528 women students in graduate degree programs in the United States. They made up 57 percent of all enrollments. Women made up 60 percent of the enrollments in master’s degree programs and 52 percent of all those enrolled in doctoral programs.

New Report Offers Statistics on the Gender of Pell Grant Recipients

New Report Offers Statistics on the Gender of Pell Grant Recipients

Federal Pell grants are financial awards provided to undergraduate students who demonstrate significant financial need. More than 43 percent of women undergraduate students received a federal Pell grant in the 2015-16 academic year. For male students, 34 percent of all undergraduates received a Pell grant. Women were 62 percent of all Pell grant recipients.

Benevolent Sexism at Work Can Negatively Impact New Mothers' Decisions to Return to Their Jobs

Benevolent Sexism at Work Can Negatively Impact New Mothers’ Decisions to Return to Their Jobs

Overall, the authors found that “helpful” behavior at work – regardless of whether the women thought of it as helpful or harmful to their productivity — ultimately made them feel worse about themselves and their workplace abilities and this impacted their plans on returning to the workforce after giving birth.

The Gender Gap in Voter Turnout Rates by U.S. College Students

The Gender Gap in Voter Turnout Rates by U.S. College Students

Among college students, women were more likely to vote than men. In 2018, the voting rate was 39.6 percent among women and 35.4 percent for men, compared to 19.5 percent and 17.9 percent, respectively, in 2014. Thus, the gender gap widened from 1.6 percentage points to 4.2 percentage points.

Department of Education Study Shows Gender Differences in Crime Victimization at Schools

Department of Education Study Shows Gender Differences in Crime Victimization at Schools

A new report from the U.S. Department of Education finds that during the 2016-17 school year, 1.8 percent of girls in the 12-to-18 age group with victimized by crime compared to 2.6 percent of boys. Only 0.5 percent of girls in this age group were victims of violent crime, half the rate for boys.

University Study Finds That Early Childhood Trauma Impacts Women's Health at Midlife

University Study Finds That Early Childhood Trauma Impacts Women’s Health at Midlife

The study, led by a sociologist at Ohio State University, found that women who experienced childhood trauma were more likely than others to have their first child both earlier in life and outside of marriage – and that those factors were associated with poorer health later in life.

The Gender Gap in Scores on the SAT College Entrance Examination

The Gender Gap in Scores on the SAT College Entrance Examination

On the combined SAT test, men had a mean score of 1066 and women had a mean score of 1053. Scores for both men and women were down from a year ago.

Study Finds That Women Have Better Episodic Memories Than Men

Study Finds That Women Have Better Episodic Memories Than Men

So-called episodic memory is defined in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience as “consciously recollected memories related to personally experienced events.” A new study led by a graduate student at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden finds women outperform men in episodic memory.

Yale Researchers Look to Genetics to Understand Gender Differences in Diseases

Yale Researchers Look to Genetics to Understand Gender Differences in Diseases

Approximately 15 years after the human genome was first sequenced, very few researchers have fully explored how correlations between genes and disease may be different in women and men. Yale University researchers seek to understand how genetics plays a role in gender differences in disease.

University Study Examines Workplace Discrimination and Harassment in Technical Theater

University Study Examines Workplace Discrimination and Harassment in Technical Theater

A new survey of women professionals in theatrical design occupations conducted by Caitlyn Garrity, a recent graduate of Milliken University in Decatur, Illinois, finds that more than three quarters of respondents reported harassment on the job and more than half said they were not paid equally to men.

Study Finds Significant Gender Pay Gap Among Pediatricians in the United States

Study Finds Significant Gender Pay Gap Among Pediatricians in the United States

Women pediatrcians surveyed in 2016 earned $51,000 less, or 78 percent of what men earned. When adjustments were made to compare pediatricians with similar worklife characteristics, women made 94 percent of what was earned by their male counterparts.

Apple Joins With Harvard University on a Major Women's Health Research Project

Apple Joins With Harvard University on a Major Women’s Health Research Project

The Apple Women’s Health Study will leverage participants’ voluntary use of a smartphone research app to advance understanding of menstrual and gynecological health. Using the new research app, participants will contribute to the research as they go about their daily lives.

Report Documents the Attrition of Women Faculty as They Move Up the Academic Ladder

Report Documents the Attrition of Women Faculty as They Move Up the Academic Ladder

The results showed that despite the fact that women make up a majority of all undergraduate and graduate students in STEM disciplines, they make up 42 percent of assistant professors, 34.2 percent of associate professors, and 23.4 percent of full professors.

Study Finds Longer Tests Can Eliminate the Gender Scoring Gap in STEM

Study Finds Longer Tests Can Eliminate the Gender Scoring Gap in STEM

The researchers found that the longer the test, the lower the gender gap. The authors report that “for more than 20 percent of the countries where male students had an initial advantage in math and science, this gap was completely offset or even reversed after two hours of test-taking.”

Research Finds an Easy Way to Increase Women's Participation in STEM Courses

Research Finds an Easy Way to Increase Women’s Participation in STEM Courses

NaLette Brodnax, an assistant professor in the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University, created a set of brochures that were integrated into the advising process during freshman orientation so women could see how a technology class would align with their degree requirements and with their interests.

Why Are Women College Athletes More Prone to Concussions Than Their Male Peers?

Why Are Women College Athletes More Prone to Concussions Than Their Male Peers?

The reasons that women athletes have nearly double the risk of concussion compared to their male counterparts are not clear. Possible factors include head and neck strength, hormonal differences, and a difference in the reporting habits of a concussion between boys and girls.

Women CEOs Increase Company Performance and Lower the Gender Wage Gap

Women CEOs Increase Company Performance and Lower the Gender Wage Gap

The study found that if a firm had a workforce that was at least 20 percent women and was led by a woman, there was a 14 percent increase in sales over other firms. The study also found that in firms led by a woman, the wage gap among the 25 percent highest-paid workers was reduced by 10 percent over firms led by men.

West Virginia University Scholars Developing a Toolkit to Help Boost Women Faculty in STEM

West Virginia University Scholars Developing a Toolkit to Help Boost Women Faculty in STEM

The research team, led by Kasi Jackson, director of the ADVANCE Center and a professor of women’s and gender studies, and Sharon Bird, director of the Center for Women’s and Gender Studies at West Virginia University, is creating a toolkit that institutions can use to identify pathways to successful faculty diversity initiatives for women in STEM disciplines.

Women Are a Majority of School Principals But Trail Men by a Large Margin at the High School Level

Women Are a Majority of School Principals But Trail Men by a Large Margin at the High School Level

In public elementary schools, women made up two thirds of all school principals during the 2017-18 school year. But women were only 40 percent of principals at public middle schools and 33 percent of principals at public high schools.

Study Finds Many College-Age Women Have Not Been Vaccinated to Prevent Human Papillomavirus

Study Finds Many College-Age Women Have Not Been Vaccinated to Prevent Human Papillomavirus

A new study led by Alica L. Best, an assistant professor in the College of Health at the University of South Florida in Tampa, has found that 25 percent of college-age women had not been vaccinated. The research also found that religion may be a contributing factor.