RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

The Gender Pay Gap Is Far Wider for Many Women of Color

The Gender Pay Gap Is Far Wider for Many Women of Color

In 2018, White women earn 79 percent of what is earned by White men. But African American women earn only 62 cents to the dollar compared to the earnings of White men. Hispanics women earned only 54 cents for every dollar earned by White men.

How the Level of Education Impacts the Nation's Divorce Rate

How the Level of Education Impacts the Nation’s Divorce Rate

Women with a college education had a 78 percent chance of having their marriage succeed and not end in divorce. For women with only a high school diploma, more than half had a marriage that ended in divorce.

Study Finds an Alarming Rate of Tobacco Smoking Among Low-Income Pregnant Women

Study Finds an Alarming Rate of Tobacco Smoking Among Low-Income Pregnant Women

In a recent study, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 7.2 percent of women in the U.S. who gave birth in 2016 smoked while pregnant. But a new study led by Karen Tabb Dina, a professor of social work at the University of Illinois. suggests that the rate for low-income women is at least twice as high.

Factors That Impact Women's Careers After They Take Extended Leave

Factors That Impact Women’s Careers After They Take Extended Leave

A new review, coauthored by Jia Wang, a professor of educational administration and human resource development at Texas A&M University, has identified five factors that can affect a woman’s career after leaving the workforce for a period of time.

Columbia University Study Looks at Factors Influencing Women's Use of Preventive Care

Columbia University Study Looks at Factors Influencing Women’s Use of Preventive Care

Characteristics such as affluence, residential stability, and perceptions of neighborhood support and stress showed a significant association with women’s use of sex-specific preventive care (such as Pap smears, breast exams, and mammograms). But neighborhoods themselves showed the strongest association with women’s use of preventive care services.

Analysis Finds That Women Tend to Run More Sophisticated Political Campaigns Than Men

Analysis Finds That Women Tend to Run More Sophisticated Political Campaigns Than Men

A new study by a researcher at the University of Cincinnati finds that women tend to run more sophisticated political campaigns than their male counterparts. Yet, women’s propensity to run superior campaigns has not produced significant success at the ballot box.

Research Shows a Way That Might Increase Retention of Women in College-Level Economics

Research Shows a Way That Might Increase Retention of Women in College-Level Economics

Dr. Ahlstrom’s research found that women college students who took an introductory course on the principles of microeconomics online earned higher grades in a follow-up intermediate microeconomics course than women who took the introductory course in a traditional classroom. This suggests that class format could affect the success of women studying economics.

International Survey Shows Extent of Gender Differences in Aspirations for Careers in STEM

International Survey Shows Extent of Gender Differences in Aspirations for Careers in STEM

A study by the Financial Times finds “a sharp difference in attitudes towards boys and girls and their pursuit of science-related careers. It also highlights the gender stereotypes that affect pupils’ career choices and lead women to miss out on higher-earning occupations.”

Academic Study Shows the Importance of Paid Maternity Leave for Mothers, Babies, and the Economy

Academic Study Shows the Importance of Paid Maternity Leave for Mothers, Babies, and the Economy

Only 16 percent of American workers have access to paid leave after the birth or adoption of a child. Since paid maternity leave is available to so few, nearly one in four new mothers in the United States who are not eligible for paid leave return to work within 10 days of giving birth.

New Study Finds a Large Gender Pay Gap at the Highest Levels of Academic Medicine

New Study Finds a Large Gender Pay Gap at the Highest Levels of Academic Medicine

Women who chair clinical departments at public medical schools are paid an average of 88 cents for every dollar paid to their male counterparts, or about $70,000 to $80,000 less per year. Furthermore, when all other factors are accounted for such as region of the country, seniority, medical speciality etc., a significant pay gap remains.

Mentors and Role Models Can Make the Difference for Women in Academic Economics

Mentors and Role Models Can Make the Difference for Women in Academic Economics

New research led by Donna Ginther, the Dean’s Professor of Economics at the University of Kansas, finds that women economists who participated in a mentoring workshop have had a significant improvement in their career success rate compared to women economists who did not participate in the program.

Higher Levels of Education Are Leading to a Shrinking of the Gender Wage Gap

Higher Levels of Education Are Leading to a Shrinking of the Gender Wage Gap

As a result of more women in highly skilled jobs, the average hourly wage for women – after adjusting for inflation – increased from $15 to $22 from 1980 to 2018. For men, the average wage increased from $23 to $26. Thus, the hourly gender wage gap was cut by more than half during the period.

Survey Finds That More Than 40 Percent of Women Medical Students Report Mistreatment

Survey Finds That More Than 40 Percent of Women Medical Students Report Mistreatment

A new study lead by researchers at the Yale School of Medicine finds that more than 40 percent of women medical students reported experiencing at least one episode of mistreatment by faculty, peers, or clinical staff. Mistreatment included discrimination, assault, verbal abuse, and sexual harassment.

How the Aging of American Faculty Will Affect Gender Diversity in Academia

How the Aging of American Faculty Will Affect Gender Diversity in Academia

As older, predominantly male faculty retire and lower-level academics move up the ladder, it can be expected that the percentage of women faculty in higher education will rise. But the authors warn that this will not happen unless concerted efforts are made by colleges and universities to retain women faculty.

More Than Income or Education, Where a Woman Lives Determines Her Use of Preventive Care Medicine

More Than Income or Education, Where a Woman Lives Determines Her Use of Preventive Care Medicine

A study conducted led by Carol Veldhuis, a postdoctoral researcher at the Columbia University School of Nursing in New York City, shows where a woman lives influences her use of preventive health care more than her income or education.

A Check Up on Women in the Dentistry Profession: Progress Is Being Made

A Check Up on Women in the Dentistry Profession: Progress Is Being Made

A research study conducted by the Oral Health Workforce Research Center at the University at Albany’s Center for Health Workforce Studies found that women now make up 30 percent of all dentists, up from 24 percent in 2010.

Report Finds That the Field of Data Science Has an Image Problem Among Women

Report Finds That the Field of Data Science Has an Image Problem Among Women

A forthcoming report by Boston Consulting Group, entitled What’s Keeping Women out of Data Science, finds that almost half of all women STEM students perceive data science to be overly theoretical, is “nerdy,” is too competitive, and has a low impact on society.

Gender Differences in Lifetime Publishing Productivity Are Largely the Result of Career Length

Gender Differences in Lifetime Publishing Productivity Are Largely the Result of Career Length

A new study, published on the website of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, finds that in many scientific disciplines men and women publish a comparable number of papers per year and have an equivalent career-wise impact for the same total number of publications.

Gender Equity in the Legal Profession: Still a Long Way to Go

Gender Equity in the Legal Profession: Still a Long Way to Go

Women now make up a majority of the enrollments and degree earners at American law schools. But they are only 38 percent of the nation’s attorneys, less than 40 percent of the nation’s judges, and only 35 percent of the deans at American law schools.

Study Finds Hollywood Does Not Offer Adequate Production and Marketing Support for Films Starring Women

Study Finds Hollywood Does Not Offer Adequate Production and Marketing Support for Films Starring Women

Authors Stacy Smith and Rene Weber found that when controlling for a set of production, distribution, and exhibition factors, films with female lead or co-lead characters do not perform significantly different than those with male lead characters domestically and internationally.

International Study Finds Large Scale Dissatisfaction in Body-Image Among Women

International Study Finds Large Scale Dissatisfaction in Body-Image Among Women

The authors note that “greater breast size dissatisfaction was associated with poorer breast awareness, as indexed through lower breast self-examination frequency and lower confidence in detecting breast change. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide and poor survival rates are reliably associated with poorer breast awareness.”

Male College Students Ask for and Receive Favorable Grade Changes More Often Than Their Women Peers

Male College Students Ask for and Receive Favorable Grade Changes More Often Than Their Women Peers

A new working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research reports that male college students are more likely that their woman peers to seek a grade change from their instructors. And the paper finds that men are more successful in getting their grades changed than women.

Is the Choice of College Major a Significant Factor in the Gender Wage Gap Later in Life?

Is the Choice of College Major a Significant Factor in the Gender Wage Gap Later in Life?

A working paper from the Becker Friedman Institute authored by researchers at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Chicago, finds that women today still choose college majors associated with lower potential wages than men.

Rutgers University Study Finds Stereotypic Images of Gender Roles in the Workforce Persist Online

Rutgers University Study Finds Stereotypic Images of Gender Roles in the Workforce Persist Online

The scholars searched the internet for online images of men and women in four professions – librarian, nurse, computer programmer, and civil engineer. They compared the search results to the gender representation of each occupation according to data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The Gender Pay Gap for Physicians Begins Immediately at the Start of Doctors' Careers

The Gender Pay Gap for Physicians Begins Immediately at the Start of Doctors’ Careers

The researchers found that for graduating medical residents and fellows in New York State for the years 1999–2017, the average starting compensation was $235,044 for men and $198,426 for women. Only 60 percent of the wage gap could be explained by differences in medical specialty.

Yale University Study Finds a Major Impact of the #MeToo Movement on Sexual Assault Reporting

Yale University Study Finds a Major Impact of the #MeToo Movement on Sexual Assault Reporting

The authors found that in the first three months after the movement launched on social media, there was a 7 percent increase in the number of reported sexual assaults. This increase accounted for the reporting of about 4,600 additional crimes and was spread evenly across racial and socioeconomic groups.

Men Are Making Inroads Into the Nursing Profession and Tend to Earn More Than Women Nurses

Men Are Making Inroads Into the Nursing Profession and Tend to Earn More Than Women Nurses

Nursing remains a profession dominated by women but the percentage of men in nursing is growing. In 2018, male RNs represented 9.6 percent of the population, an increase from 7.1 percent in the National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses conducted in 2008.

Report Examines the Higher Education Experience of Students Who Were in Ninth Grade in 2009

Report Examines the Higher Education Experience of Students Who Were in Ninth Grade in 2009

The report found that for those students who were in ninth grade in 2009 and later enrolled in higher education, women had an average grade point average in college of 2.8, compared to 2.5 for men who went on to college. Women earned fewer credits in STEM fields in college but got better grades than men

A Hopeful Sign That in The Future Housework Will Be More Evenly Shared by Men and Women

A Hopeful Sign That in The Future Housework Will Be More Evenly Shared by Men and Women

Adult women still spend twice as much time on housework as men. But the amount of housework done by teenage boys compared to teenage girls has become relatively equal. Just 18 years ago, teenage girls spent almost twice as much time on housework as teenage boys.

University of Georgia Survey Examines Employers' Support of Breastfeeding Mothers

University of Georgia Survey Examines Employers’ Support of Breastfeeding Mothers

A new study by Rachel McCardel, a doctoral student in the College of Public Health, and Heather Padilla, an assistant professor of health promotion and behavior at the University of Georgia, finds that although progress has been made, working mothers still face obstacles in obtaining quality and accessible breastfeeding resources in the workplace.

A Significant Safety Issue: Women Firefighters Who Work in Gear Designed for Men

A Significant Safety Issue: Women Firefighters Who Work in Gear Designed for Men

A study finds that due to the fact that most firefighters’ gear is designed for men, women firefighters are hampered in their ability to perform their jobs under dangerous circumstances.

Study Finds Sexual Harassment Increases as Women Move Up the Corporate Ladder

Study Finds Sexual Harassment Increases as Women Move Up the Corporate Ladder

The authors found that women supervisors are between 30 to 100 percent more likely to have been sexually harassed in the last 12 months than women workers generally. Among supervisors, the risk is larger in lower- and mid-level positions of leadership and when subordinates are mostly male.

International Study Finds That Women Are Underrepresented as First Authors in Medical Research

International Study Finds That Women Are Underrepresented as First Authors in Medical Research

Women published fewer articles, were more often affiliated with institutions in the Western world, and were more likely to publish qualitative studies rather than systematic reviews or experiments. They also found that women were less likely to publish research on clinical trials.

Research Finds That Attractive Women Face a Disadvantage When Applying for Traditional Male Jobs

Research Finds That Attractive Women Face a Disadvantage When Applying for Traditional Male Jobs

The “beauty is beastly” effect suggests that when attractive women apply for masculine jobs in which attractiveness is not relevant, they are hindered by their beauty — particularly in comparison to unattractive women.

Study Finds a Widespread Gender Gap in Self-Promotion That May Impact Hiring Decisions and Promotions

Study Finds a Widespread Gender Gap in Self-Promotion That May Impact Hiring Decisions and Promotions

A study by Christine Exley of Harvard Business School and Judd Kessler of The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania finds that when employers are looking at self-performance reviews, they are more likely to hire those who rate themselves higher. And men tend to rate themselves higher than women.