RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

New Census Data Shows the Gender Earnings Gap in 300 Different Occupations

New Census Data Shows the Gender Earnings Gap in 300 Different Occupations

The U.S. Census Bureau has recently published data on the gender pay gap in 300 specific occupations. Women continue to earn less than men in nearly all occupations. Among educational occupations,, women who work as “postsecondary teachers” earn 82.1 percent of their male counterparts.

Women Entrepreneurs Are More Successful Than Men in Raising Money on Crowdfunding Platforms

Women Entrepreneurs Are More Successful Than Men in Raising Money on Crowdfunding Platforms

Researchers found that while women seeking funds for start-up ventures have been at a disadvantage to men with traditional funding sources. But crowdfunding investors take the opposite view. These investors tend to believe women are more trustworthy.

New Research Examines Mistrust of the Medical Establishment Among Latinas

New Research Examines Mistrust of the Medical Establishment Among Latinas

A new study by researchers at Oregon State University finds that Latina women who have reported that they experienced racial or ethnic discrimination are less satisfied with their contraceptive care. This dissatisfaction may lead to poor choices concerning their health.

Promising Research on Ovarian Cancer at the University of Wisconsin

Promising Research on Ovarian Cancer at the University of Wisconsin

Ovarian cancer is only the 11th-most common form of cancer among women in the United States. But it accounts for the fifth-most deaths, according to the Ovarian Cancer Research Fund Alliance. This is because ovarian cancer is often not detected until it has spread to vital organs.

How Delaying Motherhood Is Changing American Society

How Delaying Motherhood Is Changing American Society

In 2016, the birth rate for women age 30-34 surpassed that for women 25-29 for the first time. In 2016, one in 10 first babies was born to a mother 35 years old or older, while in 1970 it was one in 100.

Survey Finds That LGBTQ College Students Are at High Risk of Sexual Assault

Survey Finds That LGBTQ College Students Are at High Risk of Sexual Assault

A new study led by Colleen Ray, a graduate student in sociology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln finds that sexual assault and misconduct impacts not only heterosexual women but also affects what the study calls “sexual minority men and women.”

Purdue University Researchers Developing Home Tool to Detect Risk of Preeclampsia

Purdue University Researchers Developing Home Tool to Detect Risk of Preeclampsia

Researchers at Purdue University are developing a device and an application that will enable pregnant women to use a smartphone to track their susceptibility to develop preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication related to hypertension that can cause organ damage and premature birth.

Research Finds That Automated Systems May Be as Good as Clinicians in Assessing Breast Cancer Risk

Research Finds That Automated Systems May Be as Good as Clinicians in Assessing Breast Cancer Risk

Research conducted by scholars at the University of California, San Francisco and the Mayo Clinic found that automated systems were just as accurate in predicting women’s risk of breast cancer as subjective evaluations by professional radiologists.

Meditation and Exercise Therapy Can Help Women Recover From Sexual Assault

Meditation and Exercise Therapy Can Help Women Recover From Sexual Assault

A study by researchers at Rutgers University finds that women who were sexually assaulted can learn to decrease negative thoughts and enhance self-worth by a combination of meditation and aerobic exercise. The researchers found that the combination of meditation and exercise was better therapy than either of these activities alone.

A Look at the Gender Gap in Employment by Levels of Educational Attainment

A Look at the Gender Gap in Employment by Levels of Educational Attainment

For women aged 20 to 29 who were college graduates in October 2017, 77.9 percent were employed, a rate just slightly higher than their male peers. But the unemployment rate for male college graduates in this age group was 11.7 percent, compared to only 6.9 percent for women.

Two Women Scholars at Clemson University Helping to Develop Sexual Assault Prevention App

Two Women Scholars at Clemson University Helping to Develop Sexual Assault Prevention App

The app includes mini-games that put users into situations that are similar to real life. The app then offers feedback that challenges users’ preconceived and inaccurate notions about the prevalence of behaviors that may contribute to sexual violence.

Study Finds That Weight Stigma Among Women Leads to Avoidance of Doctor Visits

Study Finds That Weight Stigma Among Women Leads to Avoidance of Doctor Visits

A new study led by researchers at the Dornsife School of Public Health at Drexel University in Philadelphia, finds that women who are overweight tend to avoid getting the healthcare they need due to a perceived bias against them by healthcare personnel and embarrassment about their body image.

Scholars Urge That Administrators Take Steps to Reduce Fatigue Among Nurses

Scholars Urge That Administrators Take Steps to Reduce Fatigue Among Nurses

A new position paper argues that nurses and their employers need to educate themselves on the health and safety risks associated with fatigue brought on by long and often stressful shifts. The paper calls on healthcare administrators to design schedules and policies that promote a rested and alert workforce.

Depression in Young Mothers Can Lead to the Lower Cognitive Development of Their Children

Depression in Young Mothers Can Lead to the Lower Cognitive Development of Their Children

The study led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, found that mothers who were highly depressed didn’t invest emotionally or in providing learning materials to support their child, such as toys and books, as much as mothers who were not depressed. This, in turn, negatively impacted the child’s IQ.

Do Women Face Discrimination From Examiners at the U.S. Patent Office?

Do Women Face Discrimination From Examiners at the U.S. Patent Office?

Researchers at Yale University found that overall, women inventors’ patents were more likely to be rejected than those filed by teams of men. When rejected, women’s applications were 2.5 percent less likely to be appealed. When applications were granted, women’s patents often had more words added that reduced the scope of their patents.

The Gender Pay Gap Among Corporate CEOs No Longer Exists, University of Alabama Study Says

The Gender Pay Gap Among Corporate CEOs No Longer Exists, University of Alabama Study Says

Using compensation data from Execucomp, the study covers all forms of compensation, including base pay and stock options, from large public firms in the United States from 1996 to 2014. The research team found no gender bias in the remuneration provided to male and female CEOs.

When Is the Optimal Time For Programs to Encourage Girls to Consider STEM Fields?

When Is the Optimal Time For Programs to Encourage Girls to Consider STEM Fields?

A new study challenges the view that efforts to increase interest among girls into STEM fields should begin in elementary or middle school. The authors of a new University of Illinois study believe that such programs will be more effective in late adolescence.

Men Are More Likely Than Women to Perceive They Are More Intelligent

Men Are More Likely Than Women to Perceive They Are More Intelligent

The average man with a 3.3 GPA (the average GPA of students in the class) perceived that he was smarter than 66 percent of students in a physiology class at Arizona State University, whereas the average woman with a 3.3 GPA perceived that she was smarter than only 54 percent of the students in the class.

New Report Shows the Persisting Gender Gap in Faculty Pay at Colleges and Universities

New Report Shows the Persisting Gender Gap in Faculty Pay at Colleges and Universities

The average salary for women full professors in the 2017-18 academic year is $100,917. For male full professors, the average salary is $106,820. The gender pay exists at all academic ranks but is smaller at the associate and assistant professor and instructor and lecturer ranks.

American Association of University Women Examines Gender Earnings Gap by State

American Association of University Women Examines Gender Earnings Gap by State

In New York State women who were year-round, full-time workers earned 89 percent of their male counterparts, the best ratio in the nation. The earnings gap for year-round, full-time workers was largest in the states of Utah and Louisiana. In these states, women earned only 70 percent of what was earned by their male counterparts.

Academic Disciplines With Huge Gender Gaps in Doctoral Degree Awards

Academic Disciplines With Huge Gender Gaps in Doctoral Degree Awards

In 2016, women earned 46 percent of all doctorates awarded by universities in the United States. But there are a significant number of disciplines where women earned less than one third of all doctorates. In contrast, there are a large number of fields in which women earned more than three quarters of all doctorates.

Study Examines Gender Differences in Attitudes and Behavior Regarding Extramarital Sex

Study Examines Gender Differences in Attitudes and Behavior Regarding Extramarital Sex

Examining survey responses from more than 13,000 people, researchers at the University of Colorado found that 21 percent of men and 13 percent of women reported infidelity at some point in their lifetimes. Women were more likely than men to believe that extramarital sex was “always wrong.”

Research at Case Western Reserve University Sheds Light on the Behavior of Serial Rapists

Research at Case Western Reserve University Sheds Light on the Behavior of Serial Rapists

New research conducted at the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, has found that serial rapists tend to not follow a distinctive pattern. Instead, the researchers say, serial rapists are “opportunistic” and strike at random.

A Persistent Gender Gap in Authorship of Papers Published in Key Scientific Journals

A Persistent Gender Gap in Authorship of Papers Published in Key Scientific Journals

The research found that fewer than 25 percent of Nature research articles listed women as the first author — usually the junior scientist who led the research. Among last authors — typically the senior laboratory leader — just over 15 percent were women. Other journals had similar percentages of women authors.

Stanford University Report Says Progress Toward Gender Equality Has Stalled

Stanford University Report Says Progress Toward Gender Equality Has Stalled

A new report from the Center on Poverty and Inequality at Stanford University finds that while women made substantial progress in the latter half of the twentieth century in employment, pay, education and other areas, that progress has slowed or stalled completely in the early years of this century.

New Study Aims to Identify Best Practices in Mentoring to Increase Diversity in STEM Fields

New Study Aims to Identify Best Practices in Mentoring to Increase Diversity in STEM Fields

Angela Byars-Winston, professor of medicine at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has been selected to lead a committee of the National Academy of Sciences that will seek to identify the best mentoring techniques to bring more women and members of underrepresented groups into STEM fields.

Research Finds Good Grades in College Don't Help Women in the Job Market

Research Finds Good Grades in College Don’t Help Women in the Job Market

A new study by Natasha Quadlin, an assistant professor of sociology at Ohio State University, finds that a man’s grade point average in college has little impact on their job prospects. But for women college graduates, a high grade point average has a negative impact on their getting a job.

Study Finds Women Receive Harsher Comments Than Men When Teaching Identical Online Courses

Study Finds Women Receive Harsher Comments Than Men When Teaching Identical Online Courses

The study, led by Kristina Mitchell, director of undergraduate studies and director of online and regional site education at Texas Tech University, also found that women instructors were more likely to receive comments about their appearance and competence, or lack thereof.

Report Shows Lack of Gender Diversity in Faculty and Administrators  in California Higher Education

Report Shows Lack of Gender Diversity in Faculty and Administrators in California Higher Education

In the University of California System, women make up 54.1 percent percent of all undergraduate students. But women are just 33.6 percent of the tenured faculty in the system. Women hold 38.8 percent of senior leadership posts in the University of California System.

Graduate Students, Particularly Women, Suffer From High Levels of Anxiety and Depression

Graduate Students, Particularly Women, Suffer From High Levels of Anxiety and Depression

A new study lead by researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, finds that graduate students are six times more likely than the general population to suffer from depression or anxiety, with women graduate students more likely to suffer than their male counterparts.

Study Finds Women Students Face Bias From Instructors of Online Courses

Study Finds Women Students Face Bias From Instructors of Online Courses

The researchers found that instructors in these MOOCs responded to about 7 percent of all inquiries posted. But for the fictional accounts designed to give the impression the student was a White male, the instructors responded 12 percent of the time.

How College Football Games Impact Sexual Assault on College and University Campuses

How College Football Games Impact Sexual Assault on College and University Campuses

The data showed that when a college or university’s football team played at home, incidents of sexual assault increased by 41 percent. Even when a college or university played on the road reports of sexual assault on the home campus of the football team playing on the road increased by 15 percent.

UCLA Reports Spotlights the Lack of Gender Diversity in Hollywood

UCLA Reports Spotlights the Lack of Gender Diversity in Hollywood

Women remained underrepresented, compared with their numbers in the U.S. population overall, in all 11 employment categories the report examines; and they actually lost ground, compared with last year’s figures in several categories.

Study Looks at the Gender of Characters in 200 Years of Fiction

Study Looks at the Gender of Characters in 200 Years of Fiction

Using an algorithm, researchers examined 104,000 works of fiction that had been digitized. They found that in novels written by men, women typically accounted for one quarter to one third of all prominent characters. In novels written by women, the gender of characters was roughly equal.

The Gender Gap in High School Completion and Dropout Rates

The Gender Gap in High School Completion and Dropout Rates

A new report from the U.S. Department of Education In 2014, finds that 7.1 percent of all men ages 16 through 24 were not enrolled in school and did not have a high school diploma or equivalent certificate. For women the figure was 5.9 percent.