RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

University Study Examines Workplace Discrimination and Harassment in Technical Theater

University Study Examines Workplace Discrimination and Harassment in Technical Theater

A new survey of women professionals in theatrical design occupations conducted by Caitlyn Garrity, a recent graduate of Milliken University in Decatur, Illinois, finds that more than three quarters of respondents reported harassment on the job and more than half said they were not paid equally to men.

Study Finds Significant Gender Pay Gap Among Pediatricians in the United States

Study Finds Significant Gender Pay Gap Among Pediatricians in the United States

Women pediatrcians surveyed in 2016 earned $51,000 less, or 78 percent of what men earned. When adjustments were made to compare pediatricians with similar worklife characteristics, women made 94 percent of what was earned by their male counterparts.

Apple Joins With Harvard University on a Major Women's Health Research Project

Apple Joins With Harvard University on a Major Women’s Health Research Project

The Apple Women’s Health Study will leverage participants’ voluntary use of a smartphone research app to advance understanding of menstrual and gynecological health. Using the new research app, participants will contribute to the research as they go about their daily lives.

Report Documents the Attrition of Women Faculty as They Move Up the Academic Ladder

Report Documents the Attrition of Women Faculty as They Move Up the Academic Ladder

The results showed that despite the fact that women make up a majority of all undergraduate and graduate students in STEM disciplines, they make up 42 percent of assistant professors, 34.2 percent of associate professors, and 23.4 percent of full professors.

Study Finds Longer Tests Can Eliminate the Gender Scoring Gap in STEM

Study Finds Longer Tests Can Eliminate the Gender Scoring Gap in STEM

The researchers found that the longer the test, the lower the gender gap. The authors report that “for more than 20 percent of the countries where male students had an initial advantage in math and science, this gap was completely offset or even reversed after two hours of test-taking.”

Research Finds an Easy Way to Increase Women's Participation in STEM Courses

Research Finds an Easy Way to Increase Women’s Participation in STEM Courses

NaLette Brodnax, an assistant professor in the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University, created a set of brochures that were integrated into the advising process during freshman orientation so women could see how a technology class would align with their degree requirements and with their interests.

Why Are Women College Athletes More Prone to Concussions Than Their Male Peers?

Why Are Women College Athletes More Prone to Concussions Than Their Male Peers?

The reasons that women athletes have nearly double the risk of concussion compared to their male counterparts are not clear. Possible factors include head and neck strength, hormonal differences, and a difference in the reporting habits of a concussion between boys and girls.

Women CEOs Increase Company Performance and Lower the Gender Wage Gap

Women CEOs Increase Company Performance and Lower the Gender Wage Gap

The study found that if a firm had a workforce that was at least 20 percent women and was led by a woman, there was a 14 percent increase in sales over other firms. The study also found that in firms led by a woman, the wage gap among the 25 percent highest-paid workers was reduced by 10 percent over firms led by men.

West Virginia University Scholars Developing a Toolkit to Help Boost Women Faculty in STEM

West Virginia University Scholars Developing a Toolkit to Help Boost Women Faculty in STEM

The research team, led by Kasi Jackson, director of the ADVANCE Center and a professor of women’s and gender studies, and Sharon Bird, director of the Center for Women’s and Gender Studies at West Virginia University, is creating a toolkit that institutions can use to identify pathways to successful faculty diversity initiatives for women in STEM disciplines.

Women Are a Majority of School Principals But Trail Men by a Large Margin at the High School Level

Women Are a Majority of School Principals But Trail Men by a Large Margin at the High School Level

In public elementary schools, women made up two thirds of all school principals during the 2017-18 school year. But women were only 40 percent of principals at public middle schools and 33 percent of principals at public high schools.

Study Finds Many College-Age Women Have Not Been Vaccinated to Prevent Human Papillomavirus

Study Finds Many College-Age Women Have Not Been Vaccinated to Prevent Human Papillomavirus

A new study led by Alica L. Best, an assistant professor in the College of Health at the University of South Florida in Tampa, has found that 25 percent of college-age women had not been vaccinated. The research also found that religion may be a contributing factor.

Scientists Look to Explain Why Women Are More Likely Than Men to Suffer From Anxiety and Depression

Scientists Look to Explain Why Women Are More Likely Than Men to Suffer From Anxiety and Depression

In experiments on mice, a team of researchers led by scholars at Fordham University in New York, found that chromatin, a microscopic cell component, changes its shape during the ovarian cycle — especially when females experience a drop in estrogen. Fluctuations in hormones that might be increasing women’s vulnerability to anxiety and depression.

U.S. Census Data Shows the Vast Majority of Women With Advanced Degrees Return to Work After Having Children

U.S. Census Data Shows the Vast Majority of Women With Advanced Degrees Return to Work After Having Children

The U.S. Census Bureau reports that 71.2 percent of women with a graduate or professional degree who gave birth within the past year had returned to work, compared to 60.9 percent of women with a bachelor’s degree and 38.6 percent of women with only a high school diploma.

Study Finds College-Educated Women Tend to Drink More Alcohol Than Their Less Educated Peers

Study Finds College-Educated Women Tend to Drink More Alcohol Than Their Less Educated Peers

A study by scholars at Iowa State University found that college-educated women across all groups were more likely to drink, and drank more days per month than less educated women. The results also found that 26 percent of women who were moderate drinkers while their children were home became heavy drinkers after they left.

University of Virginia to Lead Multi-Year Study on Autism Differences Between Boys and Girls

University of Virginia to Lead Multi-Year Study on Autism Differences Between Boys and Girls

Currently, there is a lack of information about autism’s manifestation in girls, and boys are four times as likely to be diagnosed with the condition. This means that many girls are never diagnosed and could be missing out on beneficial interventions.

Study Finds Men Are Less Likely Than Women to Support Gender Equality

Study Finds Men Are Less Likely Than Women to Support Gender Equality

Support for gender equality has increased consistently over the last four decades, with a slowdown only in the 1990s. The last year of the survey, 2016, showed the highest rates of feelings of egalitarianism for almost all demographic groups.

New Research Finds Surprising Link Between Pet Ownership and Women's Health

New Research Finds Surprising Link Between Pet Ownership and Women’s Health

For cancer, the researchers found that women, not men, were more likely to die from cancer if they kept a pet at home. Furthermore, the research found that this was trend was more pronounced among owners of birds or cats.

Study Finds Link Between Stressful Events Among Middle-Aged Women and Memory Decline Later in Life

Study Finds Link Between Stressful Events Among Middle-Aged Women and Memory Decline Later in Life

A new study led by Cynthia Munro, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, has linked stressful life experiences among middle-aged women to greater memory decline in later life. The same trend was not found among men.

The Gender Gap in Participation in High School AP, IB, and Dual Enrollment Programs

The Gender Gap in Participation in High School AP, IB, and Dual Enrollment Programs

According to a new report released by the U.S. Department of Education, high school girls are far more likely than their male peers to take Advanced Placement (AP) classes, international baccalaureate (IB) courses or participate in dual enrollment courses with colleges.

Groups With a "Token" Woman Tend to Perform Complex Tasks More Effectively Than All-Male Groups

Groups With a “Token” Woman Tend to Perform Complex Tasks More Effectively Than All-Male Groups

A new study led by Crystal I. C. Farh, an associate professor of management in the School of Business at the University of Washington, finds that when a token woman becomes part of a male-dominated group, complex tasks are performed more effectively.

Study Finds That Women in Male-Dominated Groups Who Speak Up Become Highly Influential

Study Finds That Women in Male-Dominated Groups Who Speak Up Become Highly Influential

A new study by women scholars at the business school at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh found that when women are outnumbered in a team setting, they tend to speak up and contribute less. But when women do contribute to a group in which they are outnumbered, they tend to have large influence within the group.

The Huge Gender Gap in Nominations to the United States Service Academies

The Huge Gender Gap in Nominations to the United States Service Academies

Out of the 436 current voting members and delegates of Congress analyzed, only one has nominated more women than men. More than 40 percent of current members have nomination rates for women of 20 percent or lower.

Small Class Size Plays a Major Role in Women's Retention Rate in STEM Majors

Small Class Size Plays a Major Role in Women’s Retention Rate in STEM Majors

Using data obtained from 44 science courses across multiple institutions, the research team calculated that large classes begin to negatively impact women students’ participation when they reach enrollments over 120 students.

University of Colorado Study Finds Sexual Harassment on the Decline But Gender Harassment on the Rise

University of Colorado Study Finds Sexual Harassment on the Decline But Gender Harassment on the Rise

The study found that since the onset of the #MeToo movement, women are experiencing less sexual harassment in the workplace. But the authors found that gender harassment is increasing as a backlash to anti-sexual harassment movements.

Do Venture Capitalists Show a Bias Against Women Entrepreneurs?

Do Venture Capitalists Show a Bias Against Women Entrepreneurs?

A new study by researchers at Stanford University and the University of British Columbia finds that fictional proposals to venture capitalists sent by entrepreneurs with female-sounding names received more replies than proposals sent with male-sounding names.

Research Finds That Reproductive Coercion Impacts One of Eight Sexually-Active Teenage Girls

Research Finds That Reproductive Coercion Impacts One of Eight Sexually-Active Teenage Girls

A new study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh finds that 1 in 8 sexually active high school girls had experienced reproductive coercion within the three months prior to the survey. Reproductive coercion is a form of relationship abuse that includes pressuring a partner to become pregnant when they don’t want to be.

University Study Finds That Women Are Far More Likely Than Men to Suffer Injuries in Car Crashes

University Study Finds That Women Are Far More Likely Than Men to Suffer Injuries in Car Crashes

Increased emphasis on safety technology has generally reduced serious injuries in automobile crashes over the past decade. But a new study led by researchers at the University of Virginia has found that the reduction in injuries does not apply to women as much as it does for men.

The Economic and Educational Status of Women One Year After Earning Their Bachelor's Degree

The Economic and Educational Status of Women One Year After Earning Their Bachelor’s Degree

One year after earning their bachelor’s degrees, 24.6 percent of women were enrolled in graduate education compared to 20.4 percent of men. Some 14.1 percent of women were both enrolled in graduate programs and were employed compared to 10 percent of men.

A Simple Explanation for the Gender Gap in High-Level Mathematics

A Simple Explanation for the Gender Gap in High-Level Mathematics

In school, girls do just as well as boys in mathematics. A new study by scholars at the Paris School of Economics and Paris Dauphine University finds that the reason for the lower participation rate of women in high-level mathematics may be rather simple: They are better at reading and verbal tasks than they are at mathematics and outperform men in these areas.

Study Finds That Women Doctors Are Often Perceived as Nurses by Hospital Patients

Study Finds That Women Doctors Are Often Perceived as Nurses by Hospital Patients

After surveying a large group of patients in an emergency room setting, researchers found that 42 percent of patients thought women doctors were nurses. Both male and female patients had the same level of perception of the role of women physicians in an emergency room setting.

Most Academic Conferences in Biology Do Not Have Codes of Conduct Governing Sexual Harassment

Most Academic Conferences in Biology Do Not Have Codes of Conduct Governing Sexual Harassment

In examining nearly 200 conferences in the United States and Canada, researchers found that less than one quarter had developed a code of conduct for attendees. Of those conferences that did have a code of conduct, slightly more than half mentioned sexual harassment or sexual misconduct.

For the First Time, Women Now Make Up a Majority of the College-Educated U.S. Workforce

For the First Time, Women Now Make Up a Majority of the College-Educated U.S. Workforce

Each year since the 1981-82 academic year, women have earned more bachelor’s degrees than men. By 2007, the number of women with a college degree surpassed the number of men with a college degree for the first time. In 2019, women now make up a majority of all workers who hold a college degree.

Women May Be Better Leaders Then Men in Crises Where Outcomes Are Predictable

Women May Be Better Leaders Then Men in Crises Where Outcomes Are Predictable

A study led by a professor of management at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, finds that women with stong interpersonal skills are better leaders in crises where there is a clear path to solve the problem. But workers may be more trusting of men when the path to a solution is not apparent.

New Report Examines the Gender Makeup of Private Schools in the United States

New Report Examines the Gender Makeup of Private Schools in the United States

Overall boys accounted for 51.4 percent of all private school students in the 2017-18 academic year. Only 2 percent of private school students attended all-girl schools and 2.4 percent attended all-boy schools. Girls were 55 percent of the students in early childhood education or pre-schools.

The Percentage of Questions Asked by Women at Academic Conferences Is Lower Than Attendance Would Suggest

The Percentage of Questions Asked by Women at Academic Conferences Is Lower Than Attendance Would Suggest

Across almost all subdivisions, each with vastly different representation of women, women asked fewer questions than would be expected. Additionally, the research team found that women tended to ask more questions of women speakers, and men asked more questions of male speakers.