RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

National Study Finds Harmful Levels of Chemicals and Pesticides in Pregnant Women

National Study Finds Harmful Levels of Chemicals and Pesticides in Pregnant Women

Researchers measured 103 chemicals in a nationwide group of pregnant women. They found that more than 80 percent of the chemicals were found in at least one of the women in the study, and more than a third of the chemicals were found in a majority of the participants.

University of California Study Finds an Unwelcoming Environment for Women of Color in the Tech Workplace

University of California Study Finds an Unwelcoming Environment for Women of Color in the Tech Workplace

Over two-thirds of the women of color in the study reported some form of sexual harassment. Nearly one quarter reported unwanted physical contact, and almost 10 percent reported having lost opportunities like promotions or career-enhancing assignments due to sexual harassment.

Young Women With Chest Pain Linger Longer in Emergency Room Waiting Areas Than Young Men

Young Women With Chest Pain Linger Longer in Emergency Room Waiting Areas Than Young Men

A new study led by Darcy Banco, chief resident for safety and quality in the department of medicine at New York University Grossman School of Medicine, finds that younger women experiencing chest pain – the most common symptom of a heart attack – wait longer to get care in the emergency room than their respective male counterparts.

How the Appointment of Women Leaders Can Alter the Mindset of Organizations

How the Appointment of Women Leaders Can Alter the Mindset of Organizations

A new study finds that when women serve as CEOs or board members at a firm, language at the organization shifts, and women are more likely to be associated with traits such as decisiveness and assertiveness – qualities typically associated with male leaders.

Marquette University Study Examines How Employers Can Combat Domestic Violence

Marquette University Study Examines How Employers Can Combat Domestic Violence

Researchers at the Institute for Women’s Leadership at Marquette University in Milwaukee interviewed domestic violence survivors to better understand the impact of domestic violence on employment experiences and guide workplace policies moving forward.

Study Finds That Presidential Elections Can Impact Women's Fertility Rates

Study Finds That Presidential Elections Can Impact Women’s Fertility Rates

New research led by scholars at the University of California, San Diego, finds that Republican-leaning counties saw a sharp rise in birth rates compared to Democratic-leaning counties after Donald J. Trump’s surprise win in the 2016 presidential election. Democratic counties, on the other hand, experienced a baby slump.

Explaining the High-Level of Educational Attainment of Jewish Girls

Explaining the High-Level of Educational Attainment of Jewish Girls

A new study led by Ilana Horwitz, an assistant professor in the department of Jewish studies at Tulane University in New Orleans, finds that girls raised by Jewish parents are 23 percentage points more likely to graduate from college than girls with a non-Jewish upbringing even after accounting for their parents’ socioeconomic status.

University of Southern California Study Looks at the Status of Women in the Recording Industry

University of Southern California Study Looks at the Status of Women in the Recording Industry

In 2021, 23.3 percent of artists on the Billboard Hot 100 Year-End Chart were women. Women were 14.4 percent of the songwriters of these hit songs. For producers, women held only 3.9 percent of all producing positions across the songs on the 2021 Billboard Hot 100 Year-End Charts.

Academic Study Finds Women CFOs Are Better Communicators Than Their Male Counterparts

Academic Study Finds Women CFOs Are Better Communicators Than Their Male Counterparts

Despite far fewer women than men holding top finance positions, women chief financial officers (CFOs) may be the better choice for the role, according to new research of earnings calls from 2,800 U.S. companies over a 10-year period. Kate Suslava, an assistant professor of accoutning at Buckneell Univerity in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, Julia Klevak, vice presidentat […]

New Census Report Documents Shifting Pattern of When Women Are Having Children

New Census Report Documents Shifting Pattern of When Women Are Having Children

There were major changes in fertility rates by age during the 1990-to-2019 period . The Census analysis shows fertility rates of women ages 20-24 declined by 43 percent during the period, while those of women ages 35-39 increased by 67 percent during the roughly 30-year period.

Wellesley College Survey Shows Young Woman Are Worried About Their Futures

Wellesley College Survey Shows Young Woman Are Worried About Their Futures

A new survey by Lake Research Partners, commissioned by Wellesley College, finds that young women are facing financial anxiety, stress about finding well-paying jobs, and concern about balancing their careers and personal life in the future.

Research Examines Gender Pay Gap for Faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Research Examines Gender Pay Gap for Faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

University-wide, women faculty members on average had a annual salary of $89,943. Men on the university’s faculty had an average salary of $108,668. Thus, the average salary for women faculty members was only 83 percent of the average salaries of men on the faculty.

Do Alcohol Advertisements Impact College Students' Willingness to Coerce Others for Sex?

Do Alcohol Advertisements Impact College Students’ Willingness to Coerce Others for Sex?

For college men’s intentions to sexually coerce using alcohol, there were significant interaction effects between exposure to highly objectified advertisements and gender stereotypes. For women’s intentions to sexually coerce using alcohol, the interaction between wishful identification with the models in the advertisements and perceived realism was significant.

Do Corporations Add More Women to Their Boards After Increased Public Attention to Gender Equity Issues?

Do Corporations Add More Women to Their Boards After Increased Public Attention to Gender Equity Issues?

A new study finds that on average, more women earn positions on U.S. public company boards following rises in public attention to gender equality issues, such as the Me Too movement, but this increase in representation largely happens at firms where a more inclusive corporate culture already exists.

The Productivity Penalty Impacting New Mothers in the Academic World

The Productivity Penalty Impacting New Mothers in the Academic World

Despite strides in family-leave offerings, and men taking a greater role in parenting, women in academia still experience about a 20 percent drop in productivity after having a child, while their male counterparts generally do not, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Study Finds the Gender Gap in Household Work Expands for Women Who Earn More Than Their Husbands

Study Finds the Gender Gap in Household Work Expands for Women Who Earn More Than Their Husbands

Research involving 6,000 heterosexual couples found that the gender housework gap actually gets bigger for women who earned more than their spouses – the more they earned over their partner, the more housework they did.

Researchers Examine Gender Differences in Facial Size and Shape to Aid Those Seeking Gender-Affirming Facial Surgery

Researchers Examine Gender Differences in Facial Size and Shape to Aid Those Seeking Gender-Affirming Facial Surgery

Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and the University of Calgary set out to quantify the effect of sex on adult facial size and shape through an analysis of three-dimensional facial surface images. Their work aimed to help transgender individuals who desire facial features that better reflect their gender identity.

Women Continue to Make Gains in Medical School Enrollments

Women Continue to Make Gains in Medical School Enrollments

In 2021, there were 50,328 women students enrolled at U.S. medical schools. They made up 52.7 percent of all medical school students. In 2019, women made up a majority of all medical school enrollments for the first time.

New Survey Finds Vast Job Dissatisfaction Among Women in the Academic World

New Survey Finds Vast Job Dissatisfaction Among Women in the Academic World

A new poll conducted by the Gallup organization finds that 28 percent of women in the academic world report they believe they were passed over for a promotion or opportunity at work because of their gender. This is approximately double the national average of 15 percent among working women in general.

The Stubborn Gender Pay Gap in Academic Medicine

The Stubborn Gender Pay Gap in Academic Medicine

A new study finds that women starting out their careers in academic medicine are paid less than men in almost all areas of medicine. The authors conclude that equalizing starting salaries would address the majority of the differences in earning potential.

Addressing the Gender Gap in Class Participation in STEM Fields

Addressing the Gender Gap in Class Participation in STEM Fields

Researchers at Princeton University found that women generally speak far less than men in undergraduate engineering classes. Only 20 percent of all comments were made by women. But when classes were taught by women instructors, the gender gap practically disappeared. Also, women were much more likely to speak after another woman had spoken in class.

Gender Differences in the Estimation of Individual IQ Levels

Gender Differences in the Estimation of Individual IQ Levels

A new study examines why men tend to overestimate their IQs and women on average underestimate their IQs. The researchers call this the “male-hubris, female-humility effect.”

New CDC Reports Show Gender Differences in Tobacco Usage

New CDC Reports Show Gender Differences in Tobacco Usage

In 2020, 24.5 percent of all male adults used some type of tobacco product compared to just 13.9 percent of women. Gender differences in cigarette smoking were far narrower. Some 14.1 percent of male adults smoked cigarettes, compared to 11 percent of adult women.

Women Earn Less Than Men in All Fifty States

Women Earn Less Than Men in All Fifty States

The gender gap was the largest in the state of Wyoming. There, women earned only 63 cents for every dollar earned by men. Vermont has the lowest gender earning gap. There, the median earnings of men were $51,241 compared to median earnings of $46,641 for women. Thus, women made 91 cents to the dollar earned by men.

For Academic Women Who Marry, Name Change Can Be Problematic

For Academic Women Who Marry, Name Change Can Be Problematic

Today in the United States, about 80 percent of all women who get married take their husband’s last name. But in the academic world, the practice is far less common. A 2019 survey found that 57 percent of women with a Ph.D. changed their name when they married.

Study Examines Gender Inequalities in Academic Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Study Examines Gender Inequalities in Academic Innovation and Entrepreneurship

The researchers write that “improving representation in innovation would shift the very nature of knowledge production, leading to the development of inventions aimed at improving the lives of people who have been traditionally marginalized or harmed by inventions.”

How Gender Disparities in Wealth Impact Higher Education

How Gender Disparities in Wealth Impact Higher Education

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released new data on household wealth in 2019. The statistics show that the median net worth of households headed by single men was $50,150 in 2019. For households headed by a single woman, the median net worth was $36,600. About 80 percent of all single-parent families are headed by women.

Gender Bias Still Persists in Industries Where Women Make Up Significant Majority of Workers

Gender Bias Still Persists in Industries Where Women Make Up Significant Majority of Workers

The study examined the experiences of women in four industries in which women are a majority of all workers: law, higher education, faith-based nonprofits, and health care. The results showed that women continue to face bias in all four fields, but women were the least likely to face bias in higher education.

Study Examines Gender Differences in Components That Contribute to Wisdom

Study Examines Gender Differences in Components That Contribute to Wisdom

Men had higher scores on emotional regulation and decisiveness, while women had higher scores on insight, tolerance of divergent values, pro-social behaviors, and social advising. The authors found “no significant difference in the overall wisdom score, indicating that the relative strengths and weaknesses of each group balanced out in the overall score.”

Study Finds Gender Differences in Approvals for U.S. Citizenship

Study Finds Gender Differences in Approvals for U.S. Citizenship

A new study led by Emily Ryo, a professor of law and sociology at the University of Southern California, finds that there are gender gaps in who is approved for citizenship during the naturalization process.

For Women, Mentioning Gender Identify in Correspondence Can Increase Chances of Obtaining Career Help

For Women, Mentioning Gender Identify in Correspondence Can Increase Chances of Obtaining Career Help

In a new study, researchers at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania found that people are significantly more likely to offer career help to women when help seekers mention their gender identity in requests. “We know, both from research and personal experience, how invaluable it can be to get a helping hand when […]

The Gender Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

The Gender Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

In 2021, there were 45,442,000 women over the age of 25 in the United States who had earned at least a bachelor’s degree. They made up 39 percent of the total adult population of women in the United States. For men, 36.6 percent of all adults over the age of 25 had obtained at least a bachelor’s degree.

A Different Perspective on the Gender Gap in Academic Publishing During the Pandemic

A Different Perspective on the Gender Gap in Academic Publishing During the Pandemic

Several studies have shown that the gender gap in academic publishing increased in the initial phase of the worldwide pandemic. But a new study by researchers at Kozminski University in Poland finds that the impact of the pandemic on the gender gap in publication rates may be overblown.

How the Pandemic Impacted the Frequency and Severity of Domestic Violence

How the Pandemic Impacted the Frequency and Severity of Domestic Violence

A new study by researchers at the University of Michigan found that in the early months of the pandemic, the overall prevalence of domestic violence didn’t increase, but survivors of intimate partner violence experienced new, more frequent, or more severe violence in that period.

How Age, Race, and Early-Life Disadvantage Among College-Educated Mothers Impacts Birth Weights

How Age, Race, and Early-Life Disadvantage Among College-Educated Mothers Impacts Birth Weights

According to a new study by researchers at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, Black infants experience disproportionately high risks of low birth weight compared with non-Hispanic White infants, particularly among mothers with high educational attainment and greater socioeconomic advantage.