RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

Women Are Making Vast Progress in Academic Psychology But Gender Gaps Remain

Women Are Making Vast Progress in Academic Psychology But Gender Gaps Remain

The study finds that although substantial progress has been made, “women in psychological science who secure tenure-track positions publish less, are cited less, hold fewer grants, are less likely to be represented in the field’s most eminent roles, and do not earn salaries comparable with those of men.”

Women Being Shut Out of College and University Varsity Programs in Esports

Women Being Shut Out of College and University Varsity Programs in Esports

A new study from North Carolina State University reports that the rapidly growing field of collegiate esports is effectively becoming a two-tiered system, with club-level programs that are often supportive of gender diversity being clearly distinct from well-funded varsity programs that are dominated by men.

Indiana University Study Examines Women's Worldwide Use of Dating Apps

Indiana University Study Examines Women’s Worldwide Use of Dating Apps

Researchers surveyed more than 130,000 women in 191 countries. They found that one fifth of all women used dating apps to find sexual partners. The practice was most common in Oceania and least common in Africa and Asia. Women in countries with higher gender inequality reported being more than four times more likely to report sexting than women in more egalitarian regions.

Companies' Parental Leave Policies Stigmatize Women as Less Essential

Companies’ Parental Leave Policies Stigmatize Women as Less Essential

A new study found that the majority of Fortune 500 companies have paid parental leave policies that offer substantially more leave to mothers than to fathers. The authors found that one third of these companies offer twice as much leave to mothers as to fathers. This signals that mothers are the ones who should take time off.

Yale Medical School Study Discovers Why Women Are Less Likely Than Men to Die From the Coronavirus

Yale Medical School Study Discovers Why Women Are Less Likely Than Men to Die From the Coronavirus

Around the world, men account for about 60 percent of deaths from COVID-19. In England, researchers studying 17 million adults found that men could face nearly twice the risk of death from the disease as women. A new study by researchers at Yale Medical School offers an explanation for why this is so.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Working Women in the United States

The Impact of COVID-19 on Working Women in the United States

A year ago the unemployment rate for both men and women over the age of 20 was a very low 3.3 percent. When the pandemic struck and the U.S. economy shut down, the unemployment rate for women over the age of 20 shot up to 15.5 percent in April, compared to 13 percent for adult men. Since that time, the gender gap has shrunk.

Indiana University Report Examines Gender Differences in Philanthropy During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Indiana University Report Examines Gender Differences in Philanthropy During the COVID-19 Pandemic

A new report from researchers at the Women’s Philanthropy Insitute at Indiana University found that single women were more likely than single men and married/partnered couples to decrease their giving as a result of specific elements of the COVID-19 pandemic during the initial months of the crisis.

How Colleges and Universities Should Combat Sexual Harassment

How Colleges and Universities Should Combat Sexual Harassment

Among the actions department leaders should take against those accused of sexual harassment, according to the authors, are a reduction in perks like prime office and parking spaces and appointments to desired committees. Also, they recommend live training that interactively involves participants.

Gender Gap in Authorship of Medical Research Widened During Early Stages of the Global Pandemic

Gender Gap in Authorship of Medical Research Widened During Early Stages of the Global Pandemic

The results show that women constitute a significanty lower share of first authors of articles on COVID-19 in the world’s eading medical journals, as compared to the proportion of women among first authors of all articles published in the same journals the previous year.

No Progress in Increasing Gender Diversity in Academic Publishing in the Field of Chemistry

No Progress in Increasing Gender Diversity in Academic Publishing in the Field of Chemistry

A new analysis by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco finds that the percentages of female first and corresponding authors of papers in chemistry journals haven’t increased in the last decade and a half. The research analyzed studies published in 15 leading chemistry journals since 2005.

Women in Academic Surgery Are Winning a Fair Share of National Institute of Health Grants

Women in Academic Surgery Are Winning a Fair Share of National Institute of Health Grants

Women are underrepresented in the field of academic surgery, but women surgeons are earning a disproportionate share of R01 research grants from the National Institutes of Health, a new study led by researchers at the University of Virginia has found.

Women Scholars Significantly Underrepresented in Heart Failure Research Studies

Women Scholars Significantly Underrepresented in Heart Failure Research Studies

The analysis, led by scholars at the Uiversity of Pennsylvania, found that less than 20 percent of first authors on manuscripts cited to support the highest recommendations in heart failure treatment guidelines were women, and less than 15 percent of the senior authors were women.

University Researchers Find a Drug Dose Gender Gap That Is Harming Women

University Researchers Find a Drug Dose Gender Gap That Is Harming Women

A new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Chicago finds that women are more likely than men to suffer adverse side effects of medications because drug dosages have historically been based on clinical trials conducted on men.

Utah State University Study Examines the Status of Women in State Government

Utah State University Study Examines the Status of Women in State Government

A new research study from Utah State University’s Utah Women & Leadership Project reports that state government leaders are implementing strategies to diversify gender leadership, but there is still a long way to go.

New Department of Education Report Examines Gender Differences in Financing Higher Education

New Department of Education Report Examines Gender Differences in Financing Higher Education

The department of Education reports finds that women were more likely than men to receive grants, including federal Pell grants. Women were also more likely than men to take out loans to help finance their higher education.

Women's Class Participation Increases With a Woman Instructor and More Women Classmates

Women’s Class Participation Increases With a Woman Instructor and More Women Classmates

A new study led by Elizabeth Bailey, an assistant professor of biology at Brigham Young University found that having more female peers in the room both significantly increased women’s willingness to talk and improved their scores in the course. Having a woman instructor also had a positive effect.

Indiana University Study Finds Unsolicited Sexting Has Increased During the Pandemic

Indiana University Study Finds Unsolicited Sexting Has Increased During the Pandemic

A survey of more than 2,000 women found that nearly half of all women had received a sexting message since the onset of the pandemic. Among those who had ever received nude photos, nearly all – 91 percent – had received an unsolicited image.

Does Language Play a Role in Implicit Bias Against Women in STEM Fields?

Does Language Play a Role in Implicit Bias Against Women in STEM Fields?

A new study led by Molly Lewis, a research scientist in the department of psychology at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, finds that people’s implicit gender associations are strongly predicted by gender associations encoded in the statistics of the language they speak. 

What Happens to Women College Graduates After They Get Their Degree?

What Happens to Women College Graduates After They Get Their Degree?

Women who earn a bachelor’s degree are more likely to continue their education than men who graduate from college. For women who graduate from college and took a full-time job, the median income was $33,900. For male college graduate who took a full time job, the medican income was $38,000.

Study Finds That the Pandemic Has Widened the Gender Gap in Work Hours

Study Finds That the Pandemic Has Widened the Gender Gap in Work Hours

A new study led by Caitlyn Collins, a sociologist at Washington University in St. Louis, finds that between March and April, mothers’ work hours fell four to five times as much as fathers’ work hours. While mothers scaled back their work hours by about 5 percent, or two hours per week, fathers’ work hours remained largely stable.

Daughters of Feminist Women Have a Significant Positive Influence on Their Mothers' Psyche

Daughters of Feminist Women Have a Significant Positive Influence on Their Mothers’ Psyche

A new study by researchers at the University of Georgia and the University of Kansas finds that not only do feminist mothers have more self-assured feminist daughters, their young adult daughters’ voices have a significant, positive psychological influence on their mothers.

A Check-Up on Women in the STEM Workforce: A Long Way to Equality

A Check-Up on Women in the STEM Workforce: A Long Way to Equality

A new report from the Center for Research + Evaluation at the University of California, San Diego shows that women are making progress in the STEM workforce but that there is still a long way to go to reach equality.

Survey Finds Women and College-Educated People Are More Likely to Adhere to Social Distancing Guidelines

Survey Finds Women and College-Educated People Are More Likely to Adhere to Social Distancing Guidelines

Overall, 71  percent of adult Americans say they have tried to separate themselves from others to avoid COVID-19. Women are about nine percentage points more likely than men to self-isolate. People with a bachelor’s degree are almost 20 percentage points more likely to self-isolate than those with only a high school diploma.

Women College Students Socially Distance From Gay Men They Perceive as Sexually Promiscuous

Women College Students Socially Distance From Gay Men They Perceive as Sexually Promiscuous

The authors note that historically heterosexual women have been generally more accepting of gay men than is the case for heterosexual men. But the current research shows that when women college students perceive gay men as sexually promiscuous they tend to shy away from interpersonal relationships more so than for gay men generally.

U.S. Department of Education Reports New Data on Campus Sexual Assaults

U.S. Department of Education Reports New Data on Campus Sexual Assaults

The number of reported rapes and sexual assaults has been on the rise. In 2017, there were 10,308 reports of forced sexual assaults on the nation’s college campuses, compared to under 3,000 in 2010. It is unclear whether this increase is due to increased numbers of sexual assaults, an increased willingness to report such incidents, or both.

Women Surgeons in Academic Medicine Hold Their Own in Grant Competitions

Women Surgeons in Academic Medicine Hold Their Own in Grant Competitions

The Association of American Medical Colleges reports that women make up just 19 percent of all surgery faculty and only 8 percent of full professors of surgery at U.S. medical schools. But a new study finds that women were the principal investigators on more than 26 percent of the surgery grants issued by the National Institutes of Health.

New Study Finds That Telecommuting Takes a Larger a Toll on Working Women Than on Working Men

New Study Finds That Telecommuting Takes a Larger a Toll on Working Women Than on Working Men

Telecommuting moms spend significantly more time performing housework when they work from home than dads do. Moms working remotely also spend more time doing their jobs with children present than telecommuting dads. And the study also found that moms working remotely during the pandemic are more likely to report feeling depressed.

Study Finds That Support for Women's Creativity Faces a Glass Ceiling in the Workplace

Study Finds That Support for Women’s Creativity Faces a Glass Ceiling in the Workplace

A new study conducted at the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence has found men report greater support for creativity in the workplace than women, and greater support for workplace creativity leads to more frequent creative workplace behaviors.

How Exposure to Role Models Boosts Women's Decisions to Major in STEM Fields

How Exposure to Role Models Boosts Women’s Decisions to Major in STEM Fields

A new study, authored by Catherine Porter of Lancaster University in England and Danila Serra of Texas A&M University, finds that women students become more likely to study subjects or pursue careers in STEM fields if they encounter successful women role models in those fields.

Study Led by Scholar at the University of Georgia Finds Gender Gap in Patent Approvals

Study Led by Scholar at the University of Georgia Finds Gender Gap in Patent Approvals

The researchers examined more than 4 million patent applications that were filed between 2000 and 2015. Using data analysis to determine the probability of inventors’ names being from a particular gender, the researchers determined that women inventors from were less likely than men to be approved for patents.

Women Scientists Rarely Highlighted in Biology Textbooks, But Progress Is Being Made

Women Scientists Rarely Highlighted in Biology Textbooks, But Progress Is Being Made

The researchers found that while women are 51 percent of the U.S. population and 60 percent of the college students in biology, they were only 13 percent of the scientists featured in biology textbooks. However, the percentage of women featured in textbooks published after 2000 has more than doubled.

Gender Differences in the Economic and Social Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Gender Differences in the Economic and Social Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Among the findings of the new study is that for those holding the same job since March, 64 percent of college-educated mothers reported by early June that they had reduced their working hours at some point since March, compared to 36 percent of college-educated fathers.

How to Reduce the Child Penalty in Incomes After Women Give Birth

How to Reduce the Child Penalty in Incomes After Women Give Birth

A new study finds that after giving birth women’s incomes on average drop significantly — by about 40 percent in the United States. And this so-called “child penalty” lingers for years. The researchers also found that subsidized high-quality child care reduces the child penalty by 25 percent.

A Huge Gender Imbalance in Leadership Positions in Academic Hospital Medicine Programs

A Huge Gender Imbalance in Leadership Positions in Academic Hospital Medicine Programs

A new study led by Carrie Herkze, an assistant professor of medicine and associate vice chair for clinical affairs in the department of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, finds that 79 percent of academic hospital medicine programs are run by men.

Study Finds Judges Who Serve With Women Are More Likely to Hire Women as Clerks

Study Finds Judges Who Serve With Women Are More Likely to Hire Women as Clerks

A new National Bureau of Economics research study by researchers at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and Occidental College in Los Angeles, finds that federal appellate judges are more likely to hire women to prestigious court clerkships after serving on panels with female colleagues.