RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

Study Finds Women and Men Have Equal Wage Negotiation Skills

Study Finds Women and Men Have Equal Wage Negotiation Skills

A new study from researchers at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and the University of Georgia has found that there is no difference in wage negotiation skills between men and women. This contrasts previous beliefs that men are better negotiators than women and therefore are more successful in salary negotiations.

Women Remain Largely Underrepresented Among Directors of Top-Grossing Films

Women Remain Largely Underrepresented Among Directors of Top-Grossing Films

A recent study from the University of Southern California found that since 2007, only 46 women directed one of the top 1,200 top-grossing films. Out of the 100 top-grossing films in 2018, only four of the 112 directors or co-directors, or 3.6 percent, were women.

Study Identifies Risk Factors Linked to Sexual Violence in College-Age Women's Relationships

Study Identifies Risk Factors Linked to Sexual Violence in College-Age Women’s Relationships

“There’s this idea that sexual violence doesn’t happen in relationships – certainly not in young women’s first relationships – which is absolutely not the case,” said Dr. Angie Kennedy, associate professor of social work at Michigan State University and the lead author of the study.

Study Finds Academic Engineering Remains Largely the Domain of White Men

Study Finds Academic Engineering Remains Largely the Domain of White Men

The study found that from 2001 to 2015, the number of women faculty members at U.S. medical schools increased by 34 percent. But the number of women faculty members in schools of engineering increased by only 4 percent from 2006 to 2014.

UCSF Study Finds a Genetic Explanation for Women's Longevity Edge Over Men

UCSF Study Finds a Genetic Explanation for Women’s Longevity Edge Over Men

In most areas of the world, women tend to outlive men. A new study conducted at the University of California, San Francisco has come up with a genetic explanation for the gap in life expectancy.

University of Alabama Birmingham Study Finds a Racial Disparity in Stroke Risk for Women

University of Alabama Birmingham Study Finds a Racial Disparity in Stroke Risk for Women

The researchers believe it is the first study to evaluate whether the stroke risk in men and women at a particular age is similar for White men and women compared to Black men and women.

Study Examines the Political Perspectives of College Students by Gender and Sexual Orientation

Study Examines the Political Perspectives of College Students by Gender and Sexual Orientation

The study found that liberal political views may be more common among lesbian, gay and bisexual people as a group, and especially among lesbian and bisexual women. The study found a distinct “lavender liberalism” among mostly heterosexual, lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. Exclusive heterosexuals, on the other hand, are significantly less liberal.

Two Thirds of Women Who File Sexual Harassment Claims Face Retaliation From Their Employers

Two Thirds of Women Who File Sexual Harassment Claims Face Retaliation From Their Employers

A new study by scholars at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, examined more than 46,000 complaints filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or fair employment practices agencies at the state level between 2012 and 2016. Some 68 percent of all employees who filed sexual harassment complaints reported some form of retaliation from their employers.

University of Alabama Led Study Finds Gender Bias in Dismissal Rates of Corporate CEOs

University of Alabama Led Study Finds Gender Bias in Dismissal Rates of Corporate CEOs

Researchers conducted an analysis of the hiring and firing decisions of publicly traded firms between 2000 and 2014. They found that women CEOs were 45 percent more likely to be fired than their male peers. This is true, according to the research, even when women have produced positive financial results for their firms.

Academic Disciplines With Huge Gender Gaps in Doctoral Degree Awards

Academic Disciplines With Huge Gender Gaps in Doctoral Degree Awards

In 2017, women earned nearly 47 percent of all doctorates awarded by universities in the United States. But there are a significant number of disciplines where women earned less than one third of all doctorates. In contrast, there are a large number of fields in which women earned more than three quarters of all doctorates.

Examining the Gender Gap in Engineering Degrees by Racial/Ethnic Group

Examining the Gender Gap in Engineering Degrees by Racial/Ethnic Group

Women earn a significant majority of all bachelor’s and master’s degree across all disciplines but women earn in all racial and ethnic groups earn less than a third of all bachlelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering.

Study Finds That Women Are Not Treated Well on Twitter

Study Finds That Women Are Not Treated Well on Twitter

The results of an analysis of millions of tweets directed at 778 women journalists and politicians in 2017 showed that more than 7 percent of tweets directed at women were deemed problematic by analysts. This amounted to 1.1 million tweets over the year, or one every 30 seconds.

Ranking the States by the Percentage of Women Among Their Doctoral Degree Recipients

Ranking the States by the Percentage of Women Among Their Doctoral Degree Recipients

In Alaska, women earned 63.5 percent of all doctorates awarded in 2017. This was the highest percentage in the nation. In contrast, women earned only 30.9 percent of all doctorates awarded in South Dakota. Some 38 percent of all doctorates in the state of Utah and 38.6 percent of all doctorates earned in the state of Wyoming were earned by women in 2017.

Study Finds That Women Who Attend Highly Selective Colleges Are Less Likely to Marry

Study Finds That Women Who Attend Highly Selective Colleges Are Less Likely to Marry

The study found that women who graduated from a selective college were nearly four percentage points less likely to have been married by the time they reached their late 30s than women who attended less selective schools.

New Federal Report Offers Data on Gender Differences in High School Dropout Rates

New Federal Report Offers Data on Gender Differences in High School Dropout Rates

In 2016, 5.1 percent of all women ages 16 to 24 did not have a high school diploma and were not enrolled in school. For men the figure was 7.1 percent. This so-called status dropout rate has dropped significantly for women since the turn of the century.

U.S. Women Earn a Majority of All Doctoral Degree Awards But a Huge Gender Gap Persists in STEM Fields

U.S. Women Earn a Majority of All Doctoral Degree Awards But a Huge Gender Gap Persists in STEM Fields

In 2017, women earned less than a third of the doctorates in the physical sciences and less than a quarter of all doctorates in mathematics and computer science. In engineering, women earned 22.3 percent of the 8,452 doctorates awarded.

Both Men and Women Show Bias Against Women for Jobs and Activities Requiring Intellectual Ability

Both Men and Women Show Bias Against Women for Jobs and Activities Requiring Intellectual Ability

The results of the experiment found that people were less likely to refer a woman when the job description required high intelligence (43.5 percent women referrals) compared to when it did not (50.8 percent women referrals). Both women and men were less likely to refer women for the “high intelligence” jobs than for other positions.

Drexel University Study Examines the Role Parents Play in Their Daughters' Engagement in Technology

Drexel University Study Examines the Role Parents Play in Their Daughters’ Engagement in Technology

The survey found that parents’ affinity for technology only marginally impacts girls’ excitement about involvement in technology. The survey found that girls felt slightly more supported by their fathers (94 percent) than their mothers (85 percent) regarding their interest in technology.

New Data on Gender Differences in Application, Admission, Enrollment, and  Graduation Rates

New Data on Gender Differences in Application, Admission, Enrollment, and Graduation Rates

The report showed that for women who entered four-year institutions in 2011 seeking bachelor’s degrees, 63 percent earned their degree by 2017. For men who began college in 2011 seeking a bachelor’s degree at a four-year institution, 57.3 percent graduated by 2017.

Academic Study Finds Social Media Breastfeeding Support Groups Can Have Many Positive Effects

Academic Study Finds Social Media Breastfeeding Support Groups Can Have Many Positive Effects

The results of the study by researchers at the the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Johns Hopkins University found that new mothers were more comfortable communicating their experiences, asking questions and seeking out support within social media groups made up of their peers. As a result, they were more confident in breastfeeding their child.

The Growing Gender Gap in the K-12 Public School Teacher Workforce

The Growing Gender Gap in the K-12 Public School Teacher Workforce

In 1980-1981, women represented 67 percent of public school teachers. That percentage increased to 76 percent during the 2015-2016 school year. Today, women represent 59 percent of secondary school teachers, 73 percent of middle school teachers, and 90 percent of elementary school teachers.

The U.S. Medical Schools That Had the Largest Percentage of Women Matriculants in 2018

The U.S. Medical Schools That Had the Largest Percentage of Women Matriculants in 2018

Women made up 51.6 percent of first-time, first-year students at U.S. medical schools in 2018. Women were 66 percent of new medical students at the University of New Mexico, the highest percentage in the nation. The lowest percentage of women matriculatns was at the medical school of the University of South Dakota.

College Athletic Powerhouses Earn a Grade of D in Achieving Gender Equity in Leadership Posts

College Athletic Powerhouses Earn a Grade of D in Achieving Gender Equity in Leadership Posts

At the 130 colleges and universities that make up the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division 1 of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, in the fall of 2018 women made up 16.9 percent of the presidents and 9.2 percent of the athletics directors.

Yale Study Shows Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Programs Can Reduce HIV Among Women

Yale Study Shows Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Programs Can Reduce HIV Among Women

A new study led by Tiara Willie at the Yale School of Public Health has found that states that aggressively target intimate partner violence in their health care systems have lower rates of HIV infection among women.

Women Are More Likely to Leave the Workforce After Their First Child Rather Than Leaving After Subsequent Children

Women Are More Likely to Leave the Workforce After Their First Child Rather Than Leaving After Subsequent Children

A new study from Princeton University has found that, contrary to the popular theory that women are more likely to leave the workforce after having their second child, women are actually more likely to leave the labor force after their first child.

The Large Gender Gap in Degree Attainments in the United States

The Large Gender Gap in Degree Attainments in the United States

During the 2016-17 academic year, women earned nearly 2 million degree awards at four-year U.S. postsecondary educational institutions. Women earned 57.3 percent of all bachelor’s degrees, 59.4 percent of all master’s degrees, and 50.3 percent of all research doctorates.

New Report Finds That Women Lose $500 Billion Every Year Due to Unequal Wages

New Report Finds That Women Lose $500 Billion Every Year Due to Unequal Wages

The American Association of University Women recently released a report, The Simple Truth About the Gender Pay Gap, that found working women collectively lose out on $500 billion a year because of the persistent gender pay gap.

Examining the Gender Gap in Average Salaries for Faculty in Higher Education

Examining the Gender Gap in Average Salaries for Faculty in Higher Education

At four-year public colleges and universities the average salary for men was $93,235. For women faculty at these institutions, the average salary was 76,760. Thus, on average women faculty earned only 82 percent of their male peers. At private, nonprofit educational institutions, the gender gap was slightly larger.

New Federal Government Data on Women Enrollments in Higher Education in the Fall of 2017

New Federal Government Data on Women Enrollments in Higher Education in the Fall of 2017

There were 20,135,159 students enrolled at Title IV institutions in the fall of 2017. Of these, there were 11,428,121 women in this group. They made up 56.8 percent of the total enrollments. Women were 59.4 percent of the total enrollments in graduate programs.

Ohio State University Study Finds Differences in Brains of Girls Who Engage in Self-Harm

Ohio State University Study Finds Differences in Brains of Girls Who Engage in Self-Harm

Using magnetic resonance imaging the research team, led by a professor of psychology at Ohio State University, found clear decreases in volume in parts of the brain called the insular cortex and inferior frontal gyrus in girls who engaged in self-harm. These areas of the brain regulate human emotions.

University of Pennsylvania Report Examines What Makes Companies Good Employers for Women

University of Pennsylvania Report Examines What Makes Companies Good Employers for Women

A new report by scholars at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania digs into the academic research literature on women and work to identify the workplace outcomes that matter most for women. The authors identify four key areas: equal representation, sufficient and equal pay, concern for health and well-being, and providing a good workplace environment.

Columbia University Releases Equity Report on the Status of Women Faculty

Columbia University Releases Equity Report on the Status of Women Faculty

The report found widespread discrimination and harassment against female faculty members in the Natural Sciences, Humanities, and Social Sciences Divisions.

University of Pennsylvania Study Finds Gender Gap Among High Performing Math Students

University of Pennsylvania Study Finds Gender Gap Among High Performing Math Students

The results of the study showed that among the top 500 highest-scoring 9th grade students participating in the American Mathematics Competition, there was a 4.6-to-1 boys to girls ratio. That gap only widens as the students get older.

New Study Finds One in Ten Low-Income Women Experience Sexual Harassment From Their Landlords

New Study Finds One in Ten Low-Income Women Experience Sexual Harassment From Their Landlords

The harassment included being asked to trade sex for rent, lewd comments, home invasions, and indecent exposure. The women were almost all in their 20s at the time of the incidents and were disproportionately likely to be members of racial and ethnic minority groups.

Does Educational Research Authored by Women Have More Impact Than Male-Authored Research?

Does Educational Research Authored by Women Have More Impact Than Male-Authored Research?

Research on educational topics where a woman is the lead author is more likely to be read by undergraduates, master’s degree students, and junior researchers than male-authored research within the same narrow subject field. However, articles written by women are less often to be accessed by professional and senior academic readers.