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Lower Retention Rates for Men Are a Significant Contributing Factor to the Higher Education Gender Gap

Lower Retention Rates for Men Are a Significant Contributing Factor to the Higher Education Gender Gap

New data from the Census Bureau shows that women were 55 percent of all students entering college in the fall of 2020. In October 2020, there were 1,058,000 men enrolled in the fourth year of higher education compared to 1,467,000 women. Thus women were 58 percent of all students in their fourth year of college.

Oregon State University Research Finds Water Births Are Just as Safe As Traditional Births

Oregon State University Research Finds Water Births Are Just as Safe As Traditional Births

Water birth is offered in some hospitals in the U.S. but is much rarer here than in most developed countries around the world. Only 1.5 percent of people in the U.S. give birth outside of a hospital, and about half of these elect to have a water birth. The results showed that water births were associated with lower risks for several maternal outcomes, including 64 fewer hemorrhages per 10,000 births, and 28 fewer hospitalizations in the first six weeks.

Rutgers University Study Finds That Postpartem Depression Can Have Lingering Effects for Up to 15 Years

Rutgers University Study Finds That Postpartem Depression Can Have Lingering Effects for Up to 15 Years

Researchers looked at 4,362 U.S. women who delivered babies between 1998 and 2000 and were followed until 2017. They found that maternal depression during the first year had a strong and sustained association with economic hardship — such as meeting medical costs, experience of utility shut-offs, inability to pay bills, and food and housing insecurity — up to 15 years later.

Gender Differences in Educational Attainment Vary by Sexual Orientation

Gender Differences in Educational Attainment Vary by Sexual Orientation

A new study by a sociologist at the University of Notre Dame finds that roughly 52 percent of gay men in the U.S. have a bachelor’s degree, while the overall national number for all adults in the U.S. is 36 percent. Lesbian women also significantly surpass most other groups of American adults, but their degree attainment is significantly less than gay men. And for younger women, lesbians’ degree attainments trailed those of straight women. 

Study Finds a Sharp Rise in Marijuana Use Among Pregnant Women

Study Finds a Sharp Rise in Marijuana Use Among Pregnant Women

A new study, co-led by researchers from Weill Cornell Medicine and Columbia University, has captured the magnitude and issues related to cannabis use disorders during pregnancy. The study found that the proportion of hospitalized pregnant patients identified with cannabis use disorder – defined as cannabis use with clinically significant impairment or distress – rose 150 percent from 2010 to 2018.

Survey Finds the Pandemic Changed Single People's Attitudes About Relationships

Survey Finds the Pandemic Changed Single People’s Attitudes About Relationships

A new survey by Singles in America identifies changing attitudes on what is important to unmarried men and women when they are seeking a partner. This year, for the first time ever in the survey’s history, there was a drop in singles’ preference for physical attractiveness. Only 78 percent of survey respondents said they wanted a partner who was physically attractive compared to 90 percent in the previous survey.

More Evidence of the Adverse Effects of the Pandemic on Women's Scholarly Activity

More Evidence of the Adverse Effects of the Pandemic on Women’s Scholarly Activity

In an examination of article submissions to more than 2,300 journals published by Elsevier, the authors found that while the number of manuscripts submitted to journals generally increased during the first wave of the pandemic compared to similar months in the two prior years, the number of manuscripts submitted by men was higher than those submitted by women.

University of Toronto Study Finds Significant Gender Bias in Referrals to Surgeons

University of Toronto Study Finds Significant Gender Bias in Referrals to Surgeons

The study of more than 40 million referrals to 5,660 surgeons from 1997 to 2016, found that male surgeons in Ontario made up 77.5 percent of all surgeons but received 79 percent of referrals from female physicians and 87 percent of referrals from male physicians. And no progress was indicated in the two decades of research data.

The Pandemic Restricted the Number of U.S. Students Studying Abroad, But the Gender Gap Remained Huge

The Pandemic Restricted the Number of U.S. Students Studying Abroad, But the Gender Gap Remained Huge

Of the 162.333 American students who studied abroad in the 2019-2020 academic year, 67.4 percent were women. This is up slightly from the previous academic year and is the highest percentage of women among the study abroad pool in this century.

Diane Recinos Is the New Leader of Berkeley College With Campuses in New York and New Jersey

Diane Recinos Is the New Leader of Berkeley College With Campuses in New York and New Jersey

Dr. Recinos has been an administrator at the college for nearly three decades. When Dr. Recinos began her career at Berkeley College in 1992 she was the director of financial aid for the Woodbridge, New Jersey, campus. She later took on expanded roles in financial aid, technology. and analytics. Most recently, she has been serving as senior vice president for student success.

Study Finds Academic and Professional Women Are Less Likely to Ask for Extensions to Complete Tasks

Study Finds Academic and Professional Women Are Less Likely to Ask for Extensions to Complete Tasks

A new study led by Ashley V. Whillans, an assistant professor in the Negotiation, Organizations & Markets Unit at Harvard Business Schools, finds that in professional and academic settings women avoid asking for more time to complete work tasks, even when deadlines are explicitly adjustable, undermining their well-being and task performance.

The Higher Education Gender Gap in Enrollments Is Compounded by Lower Graduation Rates for Men

The Higher Education Gender Gap in Enrollments Is Compounded by Lower Graduation Rates for Men

In 1972, there was a 12 percentage-point gap in favor of men in bachelor’s degree awards. By 1982, following the passage of the landmark Title IX laws, the gender gap had closed. Nobody predicted what happened next: the gap started to widen rapidly in the opposite direction.

Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in the United States

Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in the United States

The United States Census Bureau recently has included questions on sexual orientation and gender identity in its Household Pulse Survey. Of the 51.6 percent of adults who were assigned female at birth, 0.6 percent now identify themselves as transgender. Another 0.3 percent now identify as male and 1.7 percentage identify as neither male, female or transgender.

New Report Reveals Gender Gaps in Graduate Management Education Throughout the World

New Report Reveals Gender Gaps in Graduate Management Education Throughout the World

In the United States, there are 3,282,085 women between the ages of 20 and 34 who hold master’s degrees compared to 2,845,136 men, according to the report. But men out number women in graduate management education master’s degrees by a margin of 814,662 to 602,404. Thus, men hold 57 percent of all  graduate degrees in management.

The Gender Gap in Voter Participation Rates of College Students

The Gender Gap in Voter Participation Rates of College Students

In 2020, 64 percent of women college students voted compared to 58 percent of male students. The voter participation rate at women’s colleges was particularly high, significantly higher than for college students generally. In 2020, 76 percent of all students at women’s colleges cast ballots.

The Gender Gaps in Graduate Degree Awards in Some Specific Disciplines Are Huge

The Gender Gaps in Graduate Degree Awards in Some Specific Disciplines Are Huge

In the 2019-20 academic year, women made up nearly 81 percent of all master’s degree recipients in health science fields and more than 80 percent of all master’s degree recipients in public administration. But women earned just 27.8 percent of all master’s degrees in engineering fields and 35 percent of all master’s degrees in mathematics and computer science.

Georgetown University Report Examines the Status of Women in the 50 States and Around the World

Georgetown University Report Examines the Status of Women in the 50 States and Around the World

The report uses a series of indicators to assess the status of women including legal discrimination against women, intimate partner violence, education, employment, financial inclusion, parliamentary representation, cellphone use, and other factors. Norway was rated the best country for women and Massachusetts the best state.

Gender Trends in Higher Education Enrollments in the Age of the Global Pandemic

Gender Trends in Higher Education Enrollments in the Age of the Global Pandemic

New research from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center shows that higher education enrollments of women are down 3.6 percent from a year ago, slightly more than the decline for men. But over the two-year period from 2019 to 2021, enrollments of women have dropped 5.3 percent compared to more than 9 percent for men.

Gender Differences in Test Scores on the ACT College Entrance Examination

Gender Differences in Test Scores on the ACT College Entrance Examination

For the high school Class of 2021, the average score for women who took the ACT college entrance examination was 20.6. For men, the average score was 20.3. Women had higher scores than men in reading and English, but men had slightly higher scores than women in mathematics and science.

Women's Enrollments in Graduate School Held Steady After the Onset of the Pandemic

Women’s Enrollments in Graduate School Held Steady After the Onset of the Pandemic

New data from the Council on Graduate Schools women shows women were only 29.3 percent of all first-time graduate students in engineering. Women were 33.6 percent of all first-time graduate students in mathematics and computer science, down from 34.6 percent in 2019.

Study Shows How Evaluators' Gender Biases Can Be Reduced

Study Shows How Evaluators’ Gender Biases Can Be Reduced

In ratings on Yelp, women restaurant servers were more likely than men to receive just one star in approval ratings and were less likely than men to get the highest five-star rating. But the authors found that among Yelp reviewers who had received an “Elite” designation, the gender gap in their reviews became smaller.

Evidence That Women's Scholarly Production Was Slowed More Than Men During the Early Pandemic

Evidence That Women’s Scholarly Production Was Slowed More Than Men During the Early Pandemic

The analysis of more than 63,000 manuscripts submitted to 11 leading biomedical journals found that prior to the pandemic women were 46 percent of first authors on papers submitted to these journals. Women were 37.1 percent of first authors for COVID-related manuscripts during the pandemic but only 29.4 percent of the authors during the initial six months of the global crisis.

The Lack of Gender Diversity in Climate Change Research

The Lack of Gender Diversity in Climate Change Research

Several recent studies have shown that women are only a small percentage of the leading researchers in climate change, according to the number of published research appears and citations of published scholarly work.

Women Archaeologists Negatively Impacted by the Pandemic More Than Their Male Peers

Women Archaeologists Negatively Impacted by the Pandemic More Than Their Male Peers

A new study led by Julie Hoggarth, an associate professor of anthropology at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, surveyed a large group of professional archaeologists on their experiences of job loss; economic, workload, research and training impacts; and changes in personal responsibilities after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Study Finds Girls Are Alienated From Politics at an Early Age

Study Finds Girls Are Alienated From Politics at an Early Age

Students in grades 1 to 6 were given the task of drawing a political leader. Of the 1,604 students in the study, 66 percent drew a man as the primary political leader but only 13 percent depicted a woman. Of note, male political leaders dominated the drawings of students regardless of sex.

Social Inclusion of Women by Male Colleagues in STEM Fields Can Improve Their Workplace Experience

Social Inclusion of Women by Male Colleagues in STEM Fields Can Improve Their Workplace Experience

Surveys of 1,247 professional scientists and engineers from nine organizations, found that even a small amount of social inclusion of women by male colleagues can go a long way toward reducing the gender barriers experienced by women in STEM fields.

Study Finds an Inverse Relationship Between Breastfeeding Length and Risk of Postpartum Depression

Study Finds an Inverse Relationship Between Breastfeeding Length and Risk of Postpartum Depression

A new study of 29,685 women living in 26 states led by Christine Toledo an assistant professor in the College of Nursing at Florida Atlantic University, finds that as the number of weeks new mothers breastfeed their infants increase, the lower their risk for postpartum depression.

The Expanding Gender Gap in Poverty Rates in the United States

The Expanding Gender Gap in Poverty Rates in the United States

The gender gap in poverty rates expanded in the year in which the COVID-19 pandemic ravaged the U.S. economy. There were more than 10.1 million women and girls who lived in families where their incomes were less than one half of the official poverty rate. There were just 7.8 million men who lived in these conditions of severe poverty.

Study Finds That Women Often Do Not Receive the Credit They Deserve for Academic Scholarship

Study Finds That Women Often Do Not Receive the Credit They Deserve for Academic Scholarship

According to the study of more than 5,500 researchers in multiple fields, women were significantly more likely than men to report disagreements about who was named on a paper and in the order of authorship. The researchers found this to be particularly true in natural sciences and engineering.

Do Non-Tenured Women Faculty Inflate Grades More Than Men to Increase Their Chance of Retention?

Do Non-Tenured Women Faculty Inflate Grades More Than Men to Increase Their Chance of Retention?

The findings indicate that students are more likely to receive higher grades when they take classes with female instructors who hold positions with more contract uncertainty (temporary or pre-tenure) than if the instructor is tenured, but that there is little to no difference in grades received across faculty rank of male instructors.

Census Bureau Reports on the Gender Gap in Median Income and Earnings From Work in 2020

Census Bureau Reports on the Gender Gap in Median Income and Earnings From Work in 2020

In 2020, the median income level for family households headed by a single woman was 73.1 percent of the median income for family households headed by a single man and 48.5 percent of the median income of married-couple families. Both of these income gaps narrowed slightly from the previous year in 2019.

Study Finds Managers Rate Women's Performance High but Their Potential Low

Study Finds Managers Rate Women’s Performance High but Their Potential Low

The analysis by scholars at the University of Minnesota, MIT, and Yale University, found that women are 14 percent less likely to be promoted at the company in each year, and that a major factor preventing women from being promoted is that they are consistently judged as having lower leadership potential than men.

The Pandemic Widened the Gender Gap in Higher Education Enrollments

The Pandemic Widened the Gender Gap in Higher Education Enrollments

There were 11,350,777 women students enrolled in higher education last fall. In the fall of 2019, there were 11,274,609 women enrolled. Thus, enrollments of women were up slightly. In contrast, there were 8,004,350 men enrolled in high education in the fall of 2020, A year, earlier, 8,362,890 men were enrolled. Thus, while women’s enrollments were up, the enrollments of men dropped by 4.3 percent.

College-Educated Women Are Increasingly Having Babies Before Marriage

College-Educated Women Are Increasingly Having Babies Before Marriage

A new study authored by Andrew Cherlin, a sociologist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, finds that in 1996, only 4 percent of college-educated women in their 30s had their first babies while unmarried. Twenty years later, that percentage has increased six-fold to 24.5 percent.

The Gender Gap in Online Learning Has Narrowed During the Pandemic

The Gender Gap in Online Learning Has Narrowed During the Pandemic

Coursera, Inc., one of the largest online learning platforms in the world, released a new study that found that women in the United States are learning online at higher rates compared to the pre-pandemic period, representing 52 percent of new learners in 2021, up from 47 percent in 2019. Women enrollments in online STEM courses increased from 35 percent to 42 percent.