RSSAll Entries in the "Research/Study" Category

The Economic and Educational Status of Women One Year After Earning Their Bachelor's Degree

The Economic and Educational Status of Women One Year After Earning Their Bachelor’s Degree

One year after earning their bachelor’s degrees, 24.6 percent of women were enrolled in graduate education compared to 20.4 percent of men. Some 14.1 percent of women were both enrolled in graduate programs and were employed compared to 10 percent of men.

A Simple Explanation for the Gender Gap in High-Level Mathematics

A Simple Explanation for the Gender Gap in High-Level Mathematics

In school, girls do just as well as boys in mathematics. A new study by scholars at the Paris School of Economics and Paris Dauphine University finds that the reason for the lower participation rate of women in high-level mathematics may be rather simple: They are better at reading and verbal tasks than they are at mathematics and outperform men in these areas.

Study Finds That Women Doctors Are Often Perceived as Nurses by Hospital Patients

Study Finds That Women Doctors Are Often Perceived as Nurses by Hospital Patients

After surveying a large group of patients in an emergency room setting, researchers found that 42 percent of patients thought women doctors were nurses. Both male and female patients had the same level of perception of the role of women physicians in an emergency room setting.

Most Academic Conferences in Biology Do Not Have Codes of Conduct Governing Sexual Harassment

Most Academic Conferences in Biology Do Not Have Codes of Conduct Governing Sexual Harassment

In examining nearly 200 conferences in the United States and Canada, researchers found that less than one quarter had developed a code of conduct for attendees. Of those conferences that did have a code of conduct, slightly more than half mentioned sexual harassment or sexual misconduct.

For the First Time, Women Now Make Up a Majority of the College-Educated U.S. Workforce

For the First Time, Women Now Make Up a Majority of the College-Educated U.S. Workforce

Each year since the 1981-82 academic year, women have earned more bachelor’s degrees than men. By 2007, the number of women with a college degree surpassed the number of men with a college degree for the first time. In 2019, women now make up a majority of all workers who hold a college degree.

Women May Be Better Leaders Then Men in Crises Where Outcomes Are Predictable

Women May Be Better Leaders Then Men in Crises Where Outcomes Are Predictable

A study led by a professor of management at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, finds that women with stong interpersonal skills are better leaders in crises where there is a clear path to solve the problem. But workers may be more trusting of men when the path to a solution is not apparent.

New Report Examines the Gender Makeup of Private Schools in the United States

New Report Examines the Gender Makeup of Private Schools in the United States

Overall boys accounted for 51.4 percent of all private school students in the 2017-18 academic year. Only 2 percent of private school students attended all-girl schools and 2.4 percent attended all-boy schools. Girls were 55 percent of the students in early childhood education or pre-schools.

The Percentage of Questions Asked by Women at Academic Conferences Is Lower Than Attendance Would Suggest

The Percentage of Questions Asked by Women at Academic Conferences Is Lower Than Attendance Would Suggest

Across almost all subdivisions, each with vastly different representation of women, women asked fewer questions than would be expected. Additionally, the research team found that women tended to ask more questions of women speakers, and men asked more questions of male speakers.

Study Finds Lack of Women Tenured Faculty at Doctoral Level Institutions

Study Finds Lack of Women Tenured Faculty at Doctoral Level Institutions

The study, led by a dean at the University of Kentucky, found that the overall number of women in faculty positions is nearing that of men. However, The results found that only 32.6 percent of tenured faculty at doctoral level institutions are women.

For Elite University Presidents, The Gender Pay Gap Is Disappearing

For Elite University Presidents, The Gender Pay Gap Is Disappearing

The results of a study led by a scholar at the University of Central Florida show that on average there is a 9 percent compensation difference between male and female university presidents, with women receiving less pay than men on average. But at higher status universities, women presidents are receiving similar levels of total compensation as male presidents.

Georgia State Psychologists Identify Best Strategies for Bystander Intervention Against Sexual Misconduct

Georgia State Psychologists Identify Best Strategies for Bystander Intervention Against Sexual Misconduct

A new study by led by psychologists at Georgia State University in Atlanta finds that young men can successfully intervene in peer groups to prevent sexual violence against women if they appeal to a shared sense of morality.

University of Alabama Study Finds That Companies With Women CFOs Are Less Likely to Misreport Financial Data

University of Alabama Study Finds That Companies With Women CFOs Are Less Likely to Misreport Financial Data

A new study led by an associate professor of management in the Culverhouse College of Business at the University of Alabama, finds that companies who have a woman as their chief financial officer are less likely to misreport data in financial statements than companies with men as their chief financial officer.

Adding Inclusive Message to Marketing Materials Can Increase Women's Participation in Online STEM Courses

Adding Inclusive Message to Marketing Materials Can Increase Women’s Participation in Online STEM Courses

Researchers from Cornell University and Stanford University found that adding a photo of women and an inclusivity statement to a Facebook ad for a computer science course increased the number of women who clicked on the ad by 26 percent.

Study Finds That Most Women With Cardiovascular Disease Do Not Participate In Regular Physical Activity

Study Finds That Most Women With Cardiovascular Disease Do Not Participate In Regular Physical Activity

Some 61 percent of women with cardiovascular disease who participated in the survey said they did not meet the minimum physical activity guidelines recommended by the American Heart Association. These guidelines call for 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per week, or at least 30 minutes of brisk movement per day, five days a week.

Oklahoma State University Scholar Says Artificial Intelligence Can Eliminate Bias in the Hiring Process

Oklahoma State University Scholar Says Artificial Intelligence Can Eliminate Bias in the Hiring Process

Kimberly Houser, a professor of legal studies in the College of Business at Oklahoma State University, argues that using machine decision-making through artificial intelligence (AI) can remove unconscious bias and “noise” from the hiring and promotion process and begin making the workplace reflect a diverse society.

New Report Examines Barriers for Women in Reaching Leadership Positions in Healthcare

New Report Examines Barriers for Women in Reaching Leadership Positions in Healthcare

A new report produced by IntraHealth International and Johnson & Johnson Inc. finds that discrimination, bias and stereotyping inhibit opportunities for female nurses to develop skills, perpetuate the gender pay gap and result in unequal treatment in the health workforce between women and men around the world.

Do Pregnant Women More Often Opt-Out of the Workplace or Are They Pushed Out?

Do Pregnant Women More Often Opt-Out of the Workplace or Are They Pushed Out?

A new study led by Samantha Paustian-Underdahl, an assistant professor of management in the College of Business at Florida State University, examines why many women leave their jobs after they become pregnant. There are competing theories on the subject.

Study Finds Significant Gender Bias in Hiring Physics Faculty

Study Finds Significant Gender Bias in Hiring Physics Faculty

The results showed that both physics and biology professors rated women candidates as more likeable than men. However, physics professors rated male candidates as more competent and hireable than women. In biology, this gender bias was absent.

Study Finds Colleges' Sexual Assault Prevention Programs Are More Effective Those Used by Businesses

Study Finds Colleges’ Sexual Assault Prevention Programs Are More Effective Those Used by Businesses

The researchers from the University of Texas at Arlington and the University of New Hampshire found that in a college setting the programs that were more interactive were more effective. By contrast, many businesses tend to minimalize interventions — either by limiting them to a single meeting during employee initiation or online.

When More Women are Involved in Decision-Making, Groups Environmentally Conserve More

When More Women are Involved in Decision-Making, Groups Environmentally Conserve More

According to a new study from the University of Colorado at Boulder, when more women are involved in group decisions about land management, the group conserves more, particularly when offered financial incentives to do so.

Study Finds Gender Inequality Has Negative Health Effects on Both Men and Women

Study Finds Gender Inequality Has Negative Health Effects on Both Men and Women

In her study, Patricia Homan, an assistant professor of sociology at Florida State University, goes beyond sexist mistreatment by individuals to examine how the degree of systematic gender inequality in power and resources in a society can impact people’s health.

Study Finds Gender Differences in Information Provided to Patients Seeking Elective Sterilization

Study Finds Gender Differences in Information Provided to Patients Seeking Elective Sterilization

The study found that the information provided for vasectomies was much more positive than what was provided for tubal ligations. For example, the vasectomy pamphlets tended to feature photos of happy families and couples, while tubal ligation pamphlets featured women who looked unhappy, concerned, or confused.

Study Finds Women Are More Productive at Warmer Room Temperatures

Study Finds Women Are More Productive at Warmer Room Temperatures

The authors found a meaningful relationship between room temperature and how well participants scored on the math and verbal tasks. They believe that their findings suggest temperatures should be raised significantly higher than current standards to increase productivity in mixed-gender workplaces.

Study Finds Increases in Government Contracting Leads to Decreases in Employment Opportunity for Women

Study Finds Increases in Government Contracting Leads to Decreases in Employment Opportunity for Women

According to a new study from the University of Georgia, when governments contract work out to private companies, it leads to decreases in workforce diversity, most noticeably in African American and women participation in top-level positions.

American Association of University Women Report Finds Women Hold Two-Thirds of the Country's Student Loan Debt

American Association of University Women Report Finds Women Hold Two-Thirds of the Country’s Student Loan Debt

The report found that the student loan gender gap has nearly doubled in a recent four-year period; women now graduate with an average of $2,700 more debt than men when earning a bachelor’s degree.

Study Finds Women Firefighters More Likely to Suffer from PTSD and Contemplate Suicide

Study Finds Women Firefighters More Likely to Suffer from PTSD and Contemplate Suicide

According to a new study from the University of Houston, women firefighters are more likely than their male peers to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and contemplate suicide. “Because women are such a small number of the population in each fire station, they have been somewhat overlooked when they are included in larger studies […]

Report Finds Only a Small Fraction of Academic Research is Authored by Women

Report Finds Only a Small Fraction of Academic Research is Authored by Women

For this report, the researchers scanned 14.6 million studies published between 2006 and 2017 by scientists at 963 institutions across the world, determining gender of authors from their first names. In the United States, women were authors on 31.8 percent of all academic research. Lower female representation existed in the U.K. and Germany.

Study Finds Persistence of Stereotypical Negative Images of Women in Tech

Study Finds Persistence of Stereotypical Negative Images of Women in Tech

The report found that women in tech fields are “portrayed in ways that overemphasize their appearance and sexuality.” They also found that women in tech are often referred to as “exceptional” implying that a woman’s achievements are “abnormal.”

Study Finds Both Men and Women Perceive Women Who Drink as Less Human and More Sexually Available

Study Finds Both Men and Women Perceive Women Who Drink as Less Human and More Sexually Available

On average, when participants saw a woman holding a beer bottle, they believed she possessed less human characteristics than participants who saw a woman holding a water bottle. However, this disparity was not seen among participants who viewed a man holding a beer bottle and those who saw a man holding a water bottle.

Study Finds Adolescent Girls Are More Likely Than Boys to Be Bullied and Attempt Suicide

Study Finds Adolescent Girls Are More Likely Than Boys to Be Bullied and Attempt Suicide

Many schools have been cracking down on physical bullying, which is more common among male adolescents. For girls, bullying is more often relational bullying, such as excluding someone from activities and social circles, or spreading rumors about them. This type of bullying is more difficult for adults to detect.

For College Sexual Assault Perpetrators, It May Be Not How Much You Drink But Where You Drink

For College Sexual Assault Perpetrators, It May Be Not How Much You Drink But Where You Drink

The results of a study by researchers at Washington State University and the University at Buffalo show that college men’s presence at “drinking venues” such as frat houses or local bars was a better predictor of sexual aggression than binge-drinking behavior or propensity for casual sex.

Study Finds Gender Imbalance In Children's Television: Onscreen and Behind the Camera

Study Finds Gender Imbalance In Children’s Television: Onscreen and Behind the Camera

The study of American and Canadian television shows, aimed at kids age 12 and under during the fall of 2017, found that the majority of main characters on children’s fictional TV shows are male. Additionally, men are more likely to be the creators, writers, and directors of these shows.

Girls in Families Whose Parents Favor Boys Have Lower Test Scores in STEM Fields

Girls in Families Whose Parents Favor Boys Have Lower Test Scores in STEM Fields

A new study from the national Bureau of Economics research finds that girls who were born into families that had a boy-biased structure scored an average of three percentage points lower on math and science standardized tests than girls from non-biased households.

Exposure to High-Achieving Male Peers May Lower Girls' Chance of Earning a Bachelor's Degree

Exposure to High-Achieving Male Peers May Lower Girls’ Chance of Earning a Bachelor’s Degree

According to a new report from the National Bureau of Economic Research, high school girls who have a greater exposure to high-achieving male peers are less likely to complete a bachelor’s degree. The research also found that by ages 26 to 32, these girls have lower labor-force participation rates and more children.

Young Girls Can't Do STEM? New Federal Data Says Otherwise

Young Girls Can’t Do STEM? New Federal Data Says Otherwise

In 2018, the National Assessment of Educational Progress administered a nationally representative assessment of technology and engineering literacy to more than 15,000 students in the eighth grade throughout the nation. Girls scored higher overall than boys overall and in every content area of the test.